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Immune System - IS
Publications: 30,759| Citation Count: 462,079
Stemming Variations: immunization system, immune systems, immunity system, immunization systems, Immunity Systems
Cumulative Annual
    • The immune system is a multitiered network that at the first level uses changes to intracellular signaling proteins to commit cells to determined fates. At the second tier, cells interact with one another via specifically expressed surface receptors and their cognate signaling molecules. At the third level, the local environments of immune cells change the outcomes of intracellular signaling pathways and thereby the role of cells during immune challenge. The interplay among these three tiers allows the distinct cell types of the immune system to respond cohesively to eliminate foreign Ags...

    Peter O. Krutziket al. Characterization of the Murine Immunological Signaling Network with Ph...

    • The Immune System is a complex adaptive system containing many details and many exceptions to established rules. Exceptions such as the suppression effect that causes T-cells to develop reversible aggressive and tolerant behaviors create difficulties for the study of immunology but also give hints to how artificial immune systems may be designed...

    Albert Koet al. An Immuno Control Framework for Decentralized Mechatronic Control

    • The immune system is a homeostatic system that contributes to maintain the constancy of the molecular and cellular components of the organism. Immune cells can detect the intrusion of foreign antigens or alteration of self-components and send information to the central nervous system (CNS) about this kind of perturbations, acting as a receptor sensorial organ. The brain can respond to such signals by emitting neuro/endocrine signals capable of affecting immune reactivity. Thus, the immune system, as other physiologic systems, is under brain control...

    Hugo O. Besedovskyet al. Central and Peripheral Cytokines Mediate Immune-Brain Connectivity

    • The immune system is a highly parallel and distributed intelligent system which has learning, memory, and associative capabilities. Artificial Immune System is an evolutionary paradigm inspired by the biological aspects of the immune system of mammals. The immune system can inspire to form new algorithms learning from its course of action. The human immune system has motivated scientists and engineers for finding powerful information processing algorithms that has solved complex engineering problems...

    Chingtham Tejbanta Singhet al. Artificial Immune Privileged Sites as an Enhancement to Immuno-Computi...

    • The immune system is a target of toxicants and there is increasing awareness of the role of environmental pollutants in altering immune function. Immune suppression may constitute a previously unappreciated source of both acute and chronic impacts on seabirds aVected by spilled oil...

    Kenneth T. Briggset al. Consequences of petrochemical ingestion and stress on the immune syste...

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