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Rate of Reading TestR: its reliability, and its validity in the assessment of the effects of coloured overlays

Rate of Reading TestR: its reliability, and its validity in the assessment of the effects of coloured overlays,10.1046/j.1475-1313.1996.96000282.x,Oph

Rate of Reading TestR: its reliability, and its validity in the assessment of the effects of coloured overlays   (Citations: 40)
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Summary A simple reading test that can be undertaken by disabled readers is described. The test is suitable for use in the optometric clinic, taking less than 2 minutes to:cdn?:zter per passage. Test-retest scores are acceptably reliable. The test reveals increases in the speed of reading when coloured overlays are used both (1) in children who have made long-term use of coloured overlays for reading, and (2) in children who will subsequently do so. Copyright @ 1996 The College of Optometrists. Published by Elsevier Science Ltd.
Journal: Ophthalmic and Physiological Optics - OPHTHALMIC PHYSL OPT , vol. 16, no. 6, pp. 491-497, 1996
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    • ...Over the last 10 years, the use of colored filters to treat perceptual distortion of text has become common in many schools in Britain [Jeanes et al., 1997; Wilkins and Lewis, 1999; Wilkins et al., 1996, 2001; Tyrrell et al., 1995]...

    Arnold Wilkinset al. Prevention of Visual Stress and Migraine With Precision Spectral Filte...

    • ...In order to demonstrate the effect on reading speed more quickly, Wilkins, Jeanes, Pumfrey and Laskier (1996) created passages of meaningless text from randomly ordered common words...

    Liane Smithet al. How many colours are necessary to increase the reading speed of childr...

    • ...The text is printed in small and closely spaced text to increase the visual stress, enabling its effects on reading speed to be measured in the short term (Wilkins, Jeanes, Pumfrey and Laskier, 1996)...

    Arnold Wilkinset al. Visual stress theory and its application to reading and reading tests

    • ...The improvements can be measured using the Rate of Reading Test in which the individual is required to read randomly ordered common words aloud as rapidly as possible (Wilkins et al., 1996)...

    Michelle Waldieet al. How big does a coloured overlay have to be?

    • ...Conventional reading tests are designed to measure cognitive aspects of reading skills rather than to detect visual problems (Wilkins et al.,1996) and therefore tend to use large,well-spaced,text...
    • ...Conventional reading tests are designed to measure cognitive aspects of reading skills rather than to detect visual problems (Wilkins et al.,1996) and therefore tend to use large,well-spaced,text. Wilkins et al. (1996)...
    • ...The usual criterion that is taken as indicating a clinically significant immediate improvement in performance at the WRRT is an improvement on rate of more than 5%. The data of Wilkins et al. (1996,2001) allow the sensitivity and specificity of this 5% criterion at predicting subjects who would continue to use their overlay on a sustained voluntary basis and this is shown in Table 1...
    • ...The WRRT criterion that is usually used is that a more than 5% improvement in rate of reading represents a clinically significant benefit (Wilkins et al.,1996)...
    • ...Test recommendations (Wilkins,2001) and previous work (Wilkins et al.,1996) support the 5% criterion that we adopted...

    Bruce J. W. Evanset al. The effect of coloured filters on the rate of reading in an adult stud...

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