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CASE STUDY: KNOWLEDGE TRANSFER IN CABBAGE IPM THROUGH FARMER PARTICIPATORY TRAINING IN DPR KOREA

CASE STUDY: KNOWLEDGE TRANSFER IN CABBAGE IPM THROUGH FARMER PARTICIPATORY TRAINING IN DPR KOREA,Manfred GROSSRIEDER,Beate KIEFER,Song Il KANG,Ulrich

CASE STUDY: KNOWLEDGE TRANSFER IN CABBAGE IPM THROUGH FARMER PARTICIPATORY TRAINING IN DPR KOREA   (Citations: 1)
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Yield losses in DPR Korean cabbage production are serious due to the main brassica insect pests, diamondback moth (Plutella xylostella L.) and small white butterfly (Pieris rapae L.). Traditional chemical pesticides have a limited impact on these pests because the diamondback moth has developed pesticide resistance. A new Integrated Pest Management (IPM) approach was therefore implemented in 2003. A preliminary IPM trial on five Cooperative Farms (Co- Farms) proved to be very successful and the feedback from participating farm managers was so positive that project partners decided to expand the area of IPM implementation. How- ever, preparing for a large-scale shift in agricultural practices requires effective capacity build- ing at each level of organization in the DPR Korean agricultural structure as well as a sustain- able system for knowledge transfer within and between these levels. In 2004, a knowledge transfer concept was developed for the organization of training activities based on the experi- ence from previous years. The scheme is adapted to the DPR Korean agricultural system and meets the requirements of an increased IPM implementation area. The thorough training of the Cabbage IPM Focus Group, a core group of scientists at the Plant Protection Institute, was continued. The knowledge about developing, implementing and monitoring IPM sys- tems is thereby anchored in a scientific DPR Korean Institution, encouraging further inde- pendent initiatives for sustainable agriculture. At the same time these scientists were trained to become Master Trainers for the IPM implementation through the national extension ser- vice. Training material for the dissemination of IPM ideas was jointly developed by the project partners. A set of farmer participatory exercises was adapted to the DPR Korean context and evaluated at several Co-Farms. From the experiences gained with the training at the Co-Farm level and with the input of the Focus Group members, "A Farmer's Manual for Cabbage IPM in DPR Korea" was developed. This comprehensive information compilation on cabbage IPM will support the knowledge transfer to the practitioner in the cabbage field. With these measures the stage is set for a successful large-scale implementation of cab- bage IPM leading towards strengthening food security in DPR Korea through sustainable production of healthy food.
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