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A Full-Mouth Radiographic Survey of Periodontal Bone Loss in Dogs

A Full-Mouth Radiographic Survey of Periodontal Bone Loss in Dogs,Z. PAVLICA,V. ERJAVEC,D. ERèEN,M. PETELIN

A Full-Mouth Radiographic Survey of Periodontal Bone Loss in Dogs  
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Pavlica Z., V. Erjavec, D. Erêen, M. Petelin: A Full-Mouth Radiographic Survey of Periodontal Bone Loss in Dogs. Acta Vet. Brno 2003, 72: 391-398. Periodontitis is considered to be a chronic inflammatory disease with progressive destruction of the supporting connective tissues and alveolar bone resorption. This may result in loss of teeth, especially in small breed dogs. More than 90% of the small dog population older than 3 years has some measurable periodontal disease. The objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship between clinically observed periodontal disease indicators and radiographic findings using full- mouth radiographs in poodles. The dogs were divided by age into three groups: Group 1 aged 3-5 years, Group 2 aged 6-9 years, and Group 3 aged10-13 years. For clinical and radiographic analyses the upper and lower teeth were assessed as follows: incisors, canines, and premolars/molars. Our results indicated that the prevalence and severity of periodontal disease increased with age. In addition, the deepest pockets and most severe bone loss were found around the canine teeth. The values obtained from radiographic analysis correlated well with clinical measurements. Full- mouth radiographic surveys show clearly the alveolar bone level around the whole dentition of dogs. It should be performed prior to institution of any treatment. Follow-up radiographs should be taken at regular intervals to determine the long-term success of the treatment. Periodontal disease, alveolar bone loss, full-mouth radiography, incisors, canines, premolars, molars
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