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Environmental Impacts of Tourism in Kullu-Manali complex in North Western Himalaya, India. Part 1: The Adverse Impacts

Environmental Impacts of Tourism in Kullu-Manali complex in North Western Himalaya, India. Part 1: The Adverse Impacts,Jagdish C. Kuniyal,Arun P. Jain

Environmental Impacts of Tourism in Kullu-Manali complex in North Western Himalaya, India. Part 1: The Adverse Impacts   (Citations: 1)
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The study aims to assess the environmental situation arising at two important locations in North Western Himalaya- Kullu and Manali due to increasing pressure of tourism. It takes up the problems of over construction of hotels, deforestation, air pollution, solid waste, water pollution and also suggests some mitigating measures to lessen the load of different forms of pollutions. Hotel construction registered its highest growth in this region (about 38%) during 80s due to terrorism in Jammu and Kashmir. One-quarter of the hoteliers and tourists consider deforestation as one of the topmost problems arising due to unregulated tourism. Air pollution studies over a four-year (1996-99) period shows that suspended particulate matter (SPM) has gone up to 112 µg/m³ at Manali during summers. An in-depth study of the total waste generated shows that the proportion of decomposing waste (nearly 63% in Kullu and 72% in Manali) is higher than that of non-biodegradables. Indiscriminate throwing of municipal solid waste into rivers is common practice in these tourist spots, as a result river water is continuously being polluted. To mitigate all these problems, a complete ban on further construction of large hotels needs to be enforced along with regulation of tourists and strict enforcement of emission standards for vehicles. Segregation of wastes at its source and production of biocompost from the biodegradable waste could be an important way of dealing with the solid wastes.
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