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Modeling and Predicting Selected Immunological Effects of a Chemical Stressor (3,4-Dichloropropionanilide) Using the Area under the Corticosterone Concentration versus Time Curve

Modeling and Predicting Selected Immunological Effects of a Chemical Stressor (3,4-Dichloropropionanilide) Using the Area under the Corticosterone Con

Modeling and Predicting Selected Immunological Effects of a Chemical Stressor (3,4-Dichloropropionanilide) Using the Area under the Corticosterone Concentration versus Time Curve   (Citations: 10)
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Many chemicals and drugs can induce a neuroendocrine stress response that can be immunosuppressive. Mathematical models have been developed that allow prediction of the immunological impact of such stress responses in mice on the basis of exposure to the important stress-related mediator corticosterone. The area under the corticosterone concentration vs. time curve (AUC) has been used as an indicator of cumulative corticosterone exposure in these modeling studies. In the present study, an immunotoxicant known to induce a stress response, 3,4-dichloropropionanilide (propanil), was evaluated to determine if corticosterone AUC values are related to suppression of immunological parameters in mice treated with this chemical. Linear relationships between corticosterone AUC values and suppression of the following pa- rameters were noted in B6C3F1 female mice: thymus cellularity and thymus subpopulation percentages, splenic subpopulation percentages, natural killer cell activity, MHC class II protein expression, and IgG1 and IgG2a antibody responses to antigen. Linear models derived in previous studies using mice treated with exogenous corticosterone or with restraint stress effectively pre- dicted the immunological effects of 3,4-dichloropropionanilide on the basis of corticosterone AUC values. The models derived using immobilization stress were more effective (r 2
Journal: Toxicological Sciences - TOXICOL SCI , vol. 58, no. 1, pp. 77-87, 2000
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