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EXPERIENCIAS Y APRENDIZAJES DEL DESARROLLO DE VARIEDADES DE FRIJOL DE MANERA PARTICIPATIVA EN EL

EXPERIENCIAS Y APRENDIZAJES DEL DESARROLLO DE VARIEDADES DE FRIJOL DE MANERA PARTICIPATIVA EN EL,Conny Almekinders,Julio Molina-Centeno,Rolando Herrer

EXPERIENCIAS Y APRENDIZAJES DEL DESARROLLO DE VARIEDADES DE FRIJOL DE MANERA PARTICIPATIVA EN EL  
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Learning experiences obtained from the development of bean varieties through participative breeding in Northern Nicaragua. This publication describes a pilot project of Participatory Plant Breeding in Northern Nicaragua. F3 bean families derived from three triple crosses made in CIAT, Colombia, were given to five farmers in two localities. Using within- and between-family selection, each farmer developed an advanced line resistant to Bean Mosaic Virus and adapted to his own production conditions and preferences. Comparison and validation of these advanced lines with local test variety resulted in the identification of two promising lines that outperformed the local improved variety considering yield, commercial (seed color) and culinary characteristics. These lines were named and released as varieties in October 2004. This process of participatory research is described considering a range of factors influencing the process over time. The results of this pilot process prove that it is possible to develop superior varieties in farmers' fields utilizing farmers' expertise. The challenges of up-scaling and institutionalization of PPB are raising questions that can only be answered through real life experiences'.
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