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Teachers' Opinions about the Effectiveness of Science Course to Have Students Acquire Scientific Attitude and Behavior in Elementary School

Teachers' Opinions about the Effectiveness of Science Course to Have Students Acquire Scientific Attitude and Behavior in Elementary School,Fatih Yilm

Teachers' Opinions about the Effectiveness of Science Course to Have Students Acquire Scientific Attitude and Behavior in Elementary School  
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* * ** * * * ABSTRACT. One of the fundamental aims of the Science Course, one of the main courses in primary education, is to make students scientifically curious, to improve their scientific attitude and skills, and to convert them into behavior. In this survey, it was aimed to determine teachers' opinions about the effectiveness of the Science Course while having students acquire scientific attitude and behavior in primary education. The survey data were collected through semi-structured interviews. The findings of the survey revealed that 11 of the teachers found the Science Course effective and sufficient to have the students, scientific attitude and behavior, SUMMARY Purpose and significance: One of the fundamental aims of the Science Course, which is one of the main courses in primary education, is to make students scientifically curious, to improve their scientific attitude and skills, and to convert them into behavior. Bringing up individuals with scientific attitudes and behavior is of great importance in terms of both scientific and technological development. Therefore, having students to have scientific attitude and behavior is one of the significant functions of the Science Course. In this survey, it was aimed to determine teachers' opinions about the effectiveness of the Science Course while having students acquire scientific attitude and behavior in primary education. Methods: This survey was conducted in 2004-2005 academic year, in six primary schools of Ministry of Education in Eskiehir. In the study, twenty class teachers were interviewed. The survey data were collected through semi-structured interviews, a method which is qualitative, in order to gain insights into teachers' opinions. The data was analyzed via the descriptive statistics, then the findings were digitalized and presented. Results: The findings of the survey revealed that some of the teachers found the Science Course effective and sufficient to have the students scientific attitude and behavior, whereas the others did not agree on. Additionally, it was obtained that the teachers had some troubles in practice. These problems were identified as lack of equipment, inadequate practice opportunity, insufficient time, uninteresting topics, over population in classroom, some problems in the organization of trips, the students' indifference to the Science Course, no application opportunity like practice garden, and low success rate in Science Course. Furthermore, the teachers' opinions and suggestions were elicited about the provision of scientific attitude and behavior, and the effectiveness of the Science Course. Discussion and Conclusions: It could be seen that teachers do not have adequate knowledge about the scope and content of scientific attitude and behaviors. The main reason of this is considered as the teachers' lack of knowledge. Therefore, in-service education seminars must be arranged for teachers. Furthermore, the majority of teachers declared that Science Courses are effective and efficient for students to acquire scientific attitude and behaviors. Additionally, emphasizing the significances of Science Courses, the teachers underline the necessity of activities that cause the students love science and nature. As a result, Science Course should be rearranged as interesting and applied instead of being theoretical. Besides, it is necessary to do more studies on the qualities of teachers who will teach Science in 4. and 5. grades in elementary schools.
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