Academic
Publications
EFECTOS DE SUSTRATOS COMPETITIVOS Y DE LA INSULINA SOBRE LA CAPTACION Y EL DESTINO METABOLICO DE LA GLUCOSA EN CORAZON PERFUNDIDO DE RATAS DISLIPEMICAS

EFECTOS DE SUSTRATOS COMPETITIVOS Y DE LA INSULINA SOBRE LA CAPTACION Y EL DESTINO METABOLICO DE LA GLUCOSA EN CORAZON PERFUNDIDO DE RATAS DISLIPEMICA

EFECTOS DE SUSTRATOS COMPETITIVOS Y DE LA INSULINA SOBRE LA CAPTACION Y EL DESTINO METABOLICO DE LA GLUCOSA EN CORAZON PERFUNDIDO DE RATAS DISLIPEMICAS  
BibTex | RIS | RefWorks Download
Effects of competitive substrates and of insulin on glucose uptake and utilization in isolated perfused hearts of dyslipemic rats. Rats chronically fed (15 weeks) a sucrose-rich diet (SRD) developed hypertriglyceridemia (hyperTg), increased plasma free fatty acids (FFA), impaired glucose homeostasis and insulin insensitivity. An increase of Tg and glycogen (Gly) in heart muscle was also observed. HyperTg with altered glucose metabolism could have profound effects on myocardial glucose utilization. To test this hypothesis male Wistar rats were fed a semi-synthetic SRD (w/w: 62.5% sucrose, 8% corn-oil, 17% protein), and the control group (CD) received the same semi-synthetic diet, except that sucrose was replaced with starch for 90 days. At that time, the hearts from these animals were isolated and perfused for 30 min in the presence or absence of insulin (30 mU/ml). Levels of the exogenous substrates were similar to those found in the plasma of the animal in vivo in both dietary groups (glucose 8.5 mM, palmitate 0.8 mM in SRD and glucose 5-5 mM, palmitate 0.3 mM in CD). In the absence of insulin glucose uptake was reduced (40%) and lactate release was increased (50%) in SRD hearts. Glucose oxidation was depressed mainly due to both, an increase of PDH kinase and a decrease of 60% of PDHa (active form of PDHc). Insulin in the perfusion medium improved only glucose uptake. The results suggest that at least two different mechanisms might contribute to insulin resistance and to impaired glucose metabolism in the perfused hearts of dyslipemic SRD fed rats: 1) reduced basal and insulin-stimulated glucose uptake and its utilization and 2) increased availability and oxidation of lipids (low PDHa and PDH kinase activities), which in turn decreased glucose uptake and utilization. Thus, this experimental model may be useful to study how impaired glucose homeostasis, increased plasma FFA and hyperTg could contribute to heart tissue malfunction.
Cumulative Annual
View Publication
The following links allow you to view full publications. These links are maintained by other sources not affiliated with Microsoft Academic Search.