Occurrence of the polyamines caldopentamine and homocaldopentamine in axenic cultures of the red tide flagellates Chattonella antiqua and Heterosigma akashiwo ( Raphidophyceae )
The polyamines caldopentamine and homocaldopentamine were detected in axenic strains of Chattonella antiqua and Heterosigma akashiwo (Raphidophyceae), respectively, as well as spermidine, the most abundant polyamine in both phyto- plankton species. Trace amounts of putrescine, diaminopropane and norspermine were also detected in both species. Spermine was detected only from C. antiqua. These long linear polyamines are characteristic components of thermophilic bacteria. The detection from two species of Raphidophyceae indicates that the occurrence of long linear polyamines is not restricted to thermophilic micro- organisms.