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PROBLEMAS E PROBLEMATIZAÇÕES: IMPLICAÇÕES PARA O ENSINO DOS PROFISSIONAIS DA SAÚDE±  PROBLEMS AND PROBLEMATIZATIONS: IMPLICATIONS FOR THE EDUCATION OF HEALTH PRACTIONERS

PROBLEMAS E PROBLEMATIZAÇÕES: IMPLICAÇÕES PARA O ENSINO DOS PROFISSIONAIS DA SAÚDE±  PROBLEMS AND PROBLEMATIZATIONS: IMPLICATIONS FOR THE EDUCATION O

PROBLEMAS E PROBLEMATIZAÇÕES: IMPLICAÇÕES PARA O ENSINO DOS PROFISSIONAIS DA SAÚDE±  PROBLEMS AND PROBLEMATIZATIONS: IMPLICATIONS FOR THE EDUCATION OF HEALTH PRACTIONERS  
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The article presents and argues, using the theoretical referential of educator Paulo Freire, the epistemological assumptions and the characteristics of two strategies of learning used in undergraduate studies in the health sciences: the Problem-Based Learning (PBL) and the Problem-solving Methodology (PSM). These methodological proposals are based on different theoretical conceptions and use problems as starting point for education and learning of students. In the PSM, the problems are formulated by the students from the comment of the reality. Already in the PBL, the problems are elaborated by a team of specialists to contemplate the knowledge and to reach planned learning objectives. With differentiated approaches and assumptions as to the meaning and objectives of the problematization process, the two proposals embody implications for teaching practice and the training of health practioners.
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