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IMUNITAS TERHADAP RUBELA PADA BALITA DAN WANITA USIA SUBUR DI KOTA SURABAYA DAN KABUPATEN TABANAN

IMUNITAS TERHADAP RUBELA PADA BALITA DAN WANITA USIA SUBUR DI KOTA SURABAYA DAN KABUPATEN TABANAN,Sarwo Handayani,Bambang Heriyanto,Gendro Wahyuhono

IMUNITAS TERHADAP RUBELA PADA BALITA DAN WANITA USIA SUBUR DI KOTA SURABAYA DAN KABUPATEN TABANAN  
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A cross sectional study of imunity against rubella was conducted in Surabaya and Tabanan districts with the samples of 343 and 257 on children less than five years old and childbearing age women respectively. Rubella antibody was examined by ELISA method (Enzygnost, Behring). The result showed that approximately 90.6% children less than five years old were susceptible to rubella infection, with the highest percentage of rubella antibody at 1-11 months of age and then decreased to 6% at the age of 36-47 months. On the contrary, for childbearing age women that only 23% of them who had no rubella antibody. These antibodies tended to increase, as they got older with the highest percentage of 85% at the age of 35-39 years. There was significant difference between increasing antibody titer with the age, but not with the sex among less than five years old children. The low rubella antibody among children less than five years old, provide an opportunity to immunize this age group especially at the age of three years or older. However, a further research with larger sample and wider scope of region is still required to get a representative result for the country.
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