Academic
Publications
Childhood predictors of adult criminality: are all risk factors reflected in childhood aggressiveness?

Childhood predictors of adult criminality: are all risk factors reflected in childhood aggressiveness?,10.1002/cbm.496,Criminal Behaviour and Mental H

Childhood predictors of adult criminality: are all risk factors reflected in childhood aggressiveness?   (Citations: 29)
BibTex | RIS | RefWorks Download
Background Early aggressive behaviour is one of the best predictors of adult criminality. Aim To assess the degree to which family background variables, parental beliefs and behaviour and child intelligence predict child aggression and adult criminality. Method Data were used from the Colombia County Longitudinal Study, a longitu- dinal study of 856 children in third grade in New York, in 1959-60. Adult measures of criminal behaviour, child measures taken at age eight, child peer-nominated aggression, child's peer-nominated popularity, child's IQ and parental measures at eight years were used. Results Aggressive children were less intelligent, less popular, rejected more by their parents, had parents who believed in punishment, were less identified with their parents' self-image and were less likely to express guilt. As adults, more aggressive children with parents who were less well educated, experienced more marital disharmony and who seldom attended church were most at risk for arrest. However, after the effect of early aggression was controlled, most effects disappeared and only parents having a strong belief in punishment added significantly to risk of arrest by age 30; the only fact that then reduced the risk of arrest was having parents who attended church often. Both parental authoritarianism and child IQ reduced the risk of conviction for arrested children. Discussion Level of aggression at age eight is the best predictor of criminal events over the next 22 years. A clear implication is that the risk for criminality is affected by much that happens to a boy before he is eight years old. Preventive interventions need to target risk factors that appear to influence the development of early aggression.
Journal: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health - CRIM BEHAV MENT HEALTH , vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 185-208, 2002
Cumulative Annual
View Publication
The following links allow you to view full publications. These links are maintained by other sources not affiliated with Microsoft Academic Search.
    • ...Although several studies have examined adolescent predictors of adult involvement in the criminal justice system, few studies have exclusively examined African American males (Griffin, Botvin, Scheier, Diaz, & Miller, 1999; Juon, Doherty, & Ensminger, 2006; Paschall & Hubbard, 1998; Paschall, Ringwalt, & Flewelling, 2003)...

    Danelle Stevens-Watkinset al. Risk and Protective Factors Among African American Adolescent Males Th...

    • ...As an example of the need to examine multiple interacting ecological factors, researchers have applied this model to understanding the development of aggressive and antisocial behavior and violence, as well as protective factors within contexts that can serve to decrease the development of aggression (e.g., Dahlberg and Krug 2002; Huesmann et al. 2002; Sampson et al. 2005; Stouthamer-Loeber et al. 2002; Tolan et al. 2003)...

    Eric F. Dubowet al. A Social-Cognitive-Ecological Framework for Understanding the Impact o...

    • ...According to some studies (Brame et al. 2001; Huesmann et al. 2002; Nagin and Tremblay 1999 ;P agani et al. 2004), children with the highest initial levels of developmentally-early conduct problems are more likely to show persistent problems over time and are less likely to desist...
    • ...Secondly, child aggression was related to future aggression in children, which is consistent with previous findings suggesting that aggressive children subsequently became more aggressive and delinquent (Brame et al. 2001; Farrington 1986, 1995; Lahey and Loeber 1994; Loeber and Leblanc 1990; Huesmann et al. 2002; Pagani et al. 2004)...

    M. A. Carrascoet al. Concurrent and Across-Time Relations between Mother/Father Hostility a...

    • ...criminal behavior (Cambell et al. 2006; Engels et al. 2005; Fite et al. 2007; Huesmann et al. 2002; Muntaner et al. 1989; Patterson et al. 1989; Serbin et al. 1991)...

    Matthieu DeWeinet al. The Effects of a Classroom-based Intervention on Aggression-related In...

    • ...CD refers to the more severe antisocial and aggressive behaviors that result in serious violations of others' rights (McMahon & Frick), and its very nature involves aggressive, violent, confrontational behavior (Hartung & Widiger, 1998), which is the best predictor of criminality (Huesmann, Eron, & Dubow, 2002)...

    Robert F. Eme. Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and the Juvenile Justice Syst...

Sort by: