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PENGEMBANGAN TANAMAN KACANG-KACANGAN DI NUSA TENGGARA BARAT

PENGEMBANGAN TANAMAN KACANG-KACANGAN DI NUSA TENGGARA BARAT,Darman M. Arsyad,Jalan Raya,Kendal Payak,Balai Pengkajian

PENGEMBANGAN TANAMAN KACANG-KACANGAN DI NUSA TENGGARA BARAT  
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Development of legumes for increasing land utilization and farmers' income in West Nusa Tenggara Farmers' income could be improved through increasing the crop intensity during the year. Irrigated and rainfed lowland in West Nusa Tenggara planted by once and twice of rice in a year are available for 110,000 ha and 80,000 ha, respectively. On the other hand, there are 178,530 ha of upland and 92,408 ha of temporary fallow land in the islands. While, the area planted by secondary crops (palawija) is about 231,540 ha annually. About 122,191 ha are planted in irrigated and rainfed lowland, and the others in upland. It is estimated that 50,000 ha of irrigated and rainfed lowland and 80,000 ha of upland could be grown by secondary crops for increasing the crop intensity. When water supply was available, the possibility to increase the crop intensity will be higher. The research results indicated that the improved technologies could produce 2.80; 3.70; 2.70; and 5.60 t/ha for soybean, groundnut, mungbean, and corn, respectively. Economic analysis showed that growing of secondary crops are profitable with B/C ratio of 1.91; 1.43; and 0.71 for groundnut, mungbean, and soybean, respectively. The availability of seeds, fertilizers, pesticides and the good price for the products are needed for the developing the crops.
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