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The Relationship between Form and Function Level Receptive Prosodic Abilities in Autism

The Relationship between Form and Function Level Receptive Prosodic Abilities in Autism,10.1007/s10803-007-0520-z,Journal of Autism and Developmental

The Relationship between Form and Function Level Receptive Prosodic Abilities in Autism   (Citations: 3)
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Prosody can be conceived as having form (auditory-perceptual characteristics) and function (pragmatic/linguistic meaning). No known studies have examined the relationship between form- and function-level prosodic skills in relation to the effects of stimulus length and/or complexity upon such abilities in autism. Research in this area is both insubstantial and inconclusive. Children with autism and controls completed the receptive tasks of the Profiling Elements of Prosodic Systems in Children (PEPS-C) test, which examines both form- and function-level skills, and a sentence-level task assessing the understanding of intonation. While children with autism were unimpaired in both form and function tasks at the single-word level, they showed significantly poorer performance in the corresponding sentence-level tasks than controls. Implications for future research are discussed.
Journal: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - J AUTISM DEV DISORD , vol. 38, no. 7, pp. 1328-1340, 2008
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    • ...Ja ¨rvinen-Pasley and colleagues (Jarvinen-Pasley et al. 2008a) found, using the PEPS-C task (a computerised task that tests both prosody form perception and prosody function perception), that children with autism performed poorer on affective intonation, chunking (phrasing) and long-sound discrimination...

    Wouter B. Groenet al. Intact Spectral but Abnormal Temporal Processing of Auditory Stimuli i...

    • ...) were categorized as statements (Järvinen-Pasley, Peppé, King-Smith, & Heaton, 2008)...

    Pamela Heatonet al. Superior discrimination of speech pitch and its relationship to verbal...

    • ...Several studies of ASD have shown impaired emotion processing from facial and vocal expressions (Adolphs, Sears, & Piven, 2001; Baron-Cohen, Spitz, & Cross, 1993; Downs & Smith, 2004; Gross, 2004; Hobson, Ouston, & Lee, 1988; Pierce, Glad, & Schreibman, 1997) and in measures of prosody perception (Järvinen-Pasley, Peppé, King-Gordon & Heaton, 2008), but the participants with ASD rarely fail completely at ...
    • ...Participants with ASD show enhanced pitch perception ability for single pitches, (Bonnel et al., 2003; Heaton, 2003), small intervals (Heaton, 2005), and pitches within chords (Heaton, 2003) as well as pitches within speech (Järvinen-Pasley, Wallace, Ramus, Happé & Heaton, 2008)...
    • ...in Järvinen-Pasley, Peppé, et al., 2008, who showed that children were unable to distinguish between interrogative phrases and statements, based on whether the pitch went up or down at the end of the phrase)...

    ANJALI K. BHATARA. Commentary on "Why does music therapy help in autism?" by N. Khetrapal

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