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The consequences of female circumcision for health and sexuality: An update on the evidence

The consequences of female circumcision for health and sexuality: An update on the evidence,10.1080/14789940500181495,Culture Health & Sexuality,Carla

The consequences of female circumcision for health and sexuality: An update on the evidence   (Citations: 14)
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This systematic review of published sources between 1997 and 2005 shows that female circumcision is associated with some health consequences but that no statistically significant associations are documented for a number of health conditions. This is in part a result of the difficulty of designing studies on the more extensive operations (infibulation). The findings of the analysis can be summarized as follows: statistically higher risks are documented for some but not all types of infections; the evidence regarding urinary symptoms is inconclusive; the evidence on obstetric and gynecological complications is mixed: increased risks have been reported for some complications of labour and delivery but not others, and for some symptoms such as abdominal pain and discharge, but not others such as infertility or increased mortality of mother or infant. Concerning sexuality, most of the existing studies suffer from conceptual and methodological shortcomings, and the available evidence does not support the hypotheses that circumcision destroys sexual function or precludes enjoyment of sexual relations. This review highlights the difficulties of research on the health and sexuality consequences of FGC, underscores the importance of distinguishing between more and less extensive operations, and emphasizes the need to go beyond simple inventories of physical harm or frequencies of sexual acts.
Journal: Culture Health & Sexuality - CULT HEALTH SEX , vol. 7, no. 5, pp. 443-461, 2005
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    • ...It is particularly necessary to evolve an interpretation whose scope is broad enough to include the phenomenon's unique import relative to the value systems of respective practising cultures, while measuring these against recent scientific knowledge regarding alleged consequences (Van Rossem and Gage 2009, Obermeyer 2005, Knudsen 1994)...

    T. Eshoet al. Female genital cutting and sexual function: in search of an alternate ...

    • ...The WHO classification of female genital mutilation lists four types on a scale of increasing alteration of external genitalia, from the cutting of the clitoral prepuce to excision (clitoridectomy) and infibulation, with varying consequences for female health and sexuality (Obermeyer 2005)...

    Claudia Merli. Male and female genital cutting among Southern Thailand's Muslims: rit...

    • ...According to a report by the Innocenti Research Centre [3], FGM continues to be one of most persistent and omnipresent violations of human rights, which is silently tolerated and has an important impact on the health of the women affected [4]...
    • ...The FGM are a problem which affects us, as healthcare professionals, in a double sense, as a violation of human rights, which we have the moral obligation to impede, and as an aggression against the health of the persons to which we have the professional obligation to attempt to prevent, to thereby avoid the consequences to the physical, psychic, sexual and reproductive well being of the women [4,11- 16]...

    Adriana Kaplan-Marcusanet al. Perception of primary health professionals about Female Genital Mutila...

    • ...In a systematic review of sources on FGM/C and women’s sexuality published between 1997 and 2005, Obermeyer demonstrated that most of the existing studies suffer from conceptual and methodological shortcomings, and the available evidence does not support the hypotheses that FGM/C destroys sexual function or precludes enjoyment of sexual relations [14]...
    • ...This review also shows that many of the available studies on negative sexual effects are characterized by poor design, inadequate analysis, and unclear reporting of results [14]...
    • ...Some terms used to investigate sexuality appear unlikely and unfamiliar for correct understanding by the women [14]...
    • ...Finally 35 articles were selected and examined by Obermeyer [14]...

    Lucrezia Cataniaet al. Pleasure and Orgasm in Women with Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (F...

    • ...Until now, the researcher’s updated review of the consequences of FGM/C for health and sexuality (Obermeyer 2005) may have represented the best available evidence regarding the sexual sequelae of FGM/C...

    Rigmor C. Berget al. Does Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C) Affect Women’s Sexual F...

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