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Optimal Electricity Generation Mix with Carbon Dioxide Constraint

Optimal Electricity Generation Mix with Carbon Dioxide Constraint,Zarina Ab Muis,Haslenda Hashim,Zainuddin Abd,Faridah Mohd Taha

Optimal Electricity Generation Mix with Carbon Dioxide Constraint  
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Carbon dioxide is the major greenhouse gas contributor. In Malaysia, transportation, electricity and energy sector are identified as the major carbon dioxide emitter. Coal, natural gas, diesel, oil and hydro are the sources to generate electricity in Malaysia. Natural gas and coal generate 66% and 23.3% of the total electricity generation. In the 9th Malaysia Plan, government of Malaysia encourage power producer shift from heavy reliance on natural gas and enhance use of alternative e.g. solar and nuclear. In this study, a simple MILP model has been developed to optimize fuel mix and meet CO2 emission target. The model was developed and implemented in General Algebraic Modeling System (GAMS) for the fleet of electricity generation in Peninsular Malaysia only. New technology ie IGCC, NGCC and nuclear has been identified to reduce CO2 emission by 50% and 60% from current CO2 emission level.
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