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of the Business Model on Object Oriented Software Development Productivity

of the Business Model on Object Oriented Software Development Productivity,T. E. Potok,M. A. Vouk

of the Business Model on Object Oriented Software Development Productivity  
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Commercial development always takes place in the context of a business model, and in that context an understanding of how business constraints influence commercial software development is imperative. As software markets become more competitive and business pressures shorten software development cycles, improved software development productivity continues to be a major concern in the software industry. Many believe that new software technology, such as object- oriented development, provides a breakthrough solution to this problem. Unfortunately, there is little quantitative evidence for this belief. In this paper we explore the relationship between the business model under which software is being developed, and the productivity that a software development methodology can achieve in a commercial environment. We first examine empirical data from several commercial products developed using object oriented methods. The results indicate that object-oriented development may not perform any better than ÒproceduralÓ development in environments which lack incentives for early completion of intermediate project tasks. We then model and simulate the impact of the software task completion incentives and deadlines on the productivity that might be expected from a technology with high-performance potential, such as object-orientation. We show how and why some common business practices might lower project productivity and project completion probability. We also discuss to what extent poor software process control and (im)maturity of the technology compounds the problem.
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