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Ionic and electronic conductivity in lead–zirconate–titanate (PZT)

Ionic and electronic conductivity in lead–zirconate–titanate (PZT),10.1016/j.ssi.2004.03.005,Solid State Ionics,Bernard A. Boukamp,Mai T. N. Pham,Dave

Ionic and electronic conductivity in lead–zirconate–titanate (PZT)   (Citations: 3)
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Accurate impedance measurements on differently sized samples of lead–zirconate–titanate (PbZr0.53Ti0.47O3, PZT) have been analyzed with a CNLS procedure, resulting in the separation of the ionic and electronic conductivities over a temperature range from ∼150 to 630 °C. At 603 °C the electronic conductivity shows approximately a (PO2)1/4 dependence, while the ionic conductivity remains constant. Below the Curie transition temperature the oxygen non-stoichiometry becomes frozen-in and the conductivities are strongly dependent on the sample history with respect to temperature sequence and ambient PO2. A tentative interpretation assumes defect association, i.e. formation of neutral [VPbʺ–VO··]× complexes, and electron-hole transfer between lead sites and lead vacancies to control the oxygen ion conductivity in the tetragonal phase.Annealing PZT-based devices at about 600 °C under low oxygen pressure (∼1 Pa oxygen) effectively decreases the low temperature electronic conductivity by a factor of 100 and the ionic conductivity by a factor of 10–15 with respect to normal air processing.
Journal: Solid State Ionics , vol. 170, no. 3, pp. 239-254, 2004
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