LES PRONOMS LIÉS EN ARABE CLASSIQUE SONT-ILS DES CLITIQUES*?
Clitics have both the properties of independent words and of affixes. In other words, they can be regarded as autonomous elements but, at the same time, they need a strong host to which they cliticise to compensate for their accentual deficiency. These properties have given room for questions which keep feeding linguistic debates: in which component of grammar are the clitics formed? Is this in syntax, in morphology (i.e., in lexicon) or in phonology? And what will be the impact of this choice on the theory, in general? And what if the clitics were, in the final analysis, only elements of interface which involve all the components of grammar? In what way are these modules related (in a modular concept)? etc. This problematic still exists with regard to the dependent pronouns in classical Arabic. The question that we pose is as follows: can these pronouns be regarded as clitics? We will develop a hypothesis which answers this question negatively, and will argue in favour of such a position by applying the criteria commonly called the criteria of Zwicky (Zwicky and Pullum (1983) and Zwicky (1977)).