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The Hawthorne effect: A reconsideration of the methodological artifact

The Hawthorne effect: A reconsideration of the methodological artifact,10.1037//0021-9010.69.2.334,Journal of Applied Psychology,John G. Adair

The Hawthorne effect: A reconsideration of the methodological artifact   (Citations: 126)
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Journal: Journal of Applied Psychology - J APPL PSYCHOL , vol. 69, no. 2, pp. 334-345, 1984
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    • ...The potential influence of the act of observation on the behavior observed, while certainly not lost on psychologists (Adair, 1984), is not a pressing methodological issue in attention research...

    Evan F. Riskoet al. Eyes wide shut: implied social presence, eye tracking and attention

    • ...There is also a possibility that the Hawthorne effect (Adair, 1984; Gillespie, 1991) might have been present, where the participants gain short-term benefits which may be due to being engaged with an interesting, unusual and extra intervention resulting in motivational and self-esteem effects...

    Helen Payneet al. Change in the moving bodymind: Quantitative results from a pilot study...

    • ...As with any time series or before/after observational study, we must point out potential difficulties with our conclusion regarding the clinical effectiveness of our automated clinical management system. All patients were formerly tracked using the paper charting system; we switched to the automated system to follow outpatient immunosuppressive management for patients transplanted starting on December 1, 2006. In direct comparison between the patients being followed by the paper charting system and the patients followed by the automated system, several factors were different between the two groups. The biological significance of any one of these factors relating to the endpoints is not directly known. These factors were controlled for by using multivariable analysis. It is possible that there were other confounding variables that we did not measure which might have also been responsible for the improved care in the later period. Also, this was during the time following our root cause analysis when we were focusing on our immunosuppressive management; the Hawthorne effect could have been a part of the improvement around the time of committee improvement work and institution of the automated system,...

    Esther S. Parket al. Use of an automated clinical management system improves outpatient imm...

    • ...One explanation of the present results is that dictator game giving is a “Hawthorne” effect (Roethlisberger and Dickson 1939; Adair 1984; Jones 1992), that is, an artefact of behavioural experimentation...

    Nicholas Bardsley. Dictator game giving: altruism or artefact?

    • ...This is, however, rather unlikely, since the pupils and teachers in the control group also knew from the start that they would participate in an investigative study and that student success and, indirectly, teacher success would be assessed (Adair 1984)...

    Heidrun Stoegeret al. Evaluation of a classroom based training to improve self-regulation in...

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