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Principles of Voice Production

Principles of Voice Production,Ingo R. Titze

Principles of Voice Production   (Citations: 411)
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Published in 1994.
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    • ...Men's vocal tracts and vocal folds are 15% and 60% longer than women's, respectively (Fant, 1960; Titze, 2000)—several times the 7% to 8% sex difference in stature (Gaulin & Boster, 1985)...

    David A. Putset al. Sexual Selection on Human Faces and Voices

    • ...Adult men have a lower fundamental frequency than adult women (approximately 120 Hz in males and approximately 220 Hz in females; Rendall, Collias, & Ney, 2005), due to a combination of sex differences in overall body size and in the size of the larynx that emerge during puberty (Titze 1994)...

    Louise Fernayet al. Visualized voices: A case study of audio-visual synesthesia

    • ...The fundamental frequency of the vocal folds is mainly sensitive to the variation of three parameters 4,5,8, which are, in Lous model, the neutral glottal height (h g0), the sub-glottal pressure (ψsub) and, mainly, the tension factor (q), defined in 5 and related to the stiffness and mass associated to the mass–spring–damper systems modelling the vocal folds (respectively k and m)...

    Julien Mauprivezet al. Artificial neural networks applied to the estimation of random variabl...

    • ...First, men’s voices differ from women’s in a number of ways: Men’svoices have lowerpitch (measured by fundamental frequency, F0) (Titze, 1994) and lower formant dispersion (Df, ‘‘resonance,’’ an acoustic correlate of vocal tract length) (Fitch, 1997)...

    Carolyn R. Hodges-Simeonet al. Voice Correlates of Mating Success in Men: Examining “Contests” Versus...

    • ...Since each individual is unique in its physical build, source-filter theory predicts that in mammals, every individual would have its own unique spectral characteristics (Titze 1994)...
    • ...Singing males were recorded in the morning, when sound propagation is at its peak (Titze 1994)...
    • ...Although vocalizations are known to change with age or body condition (Titze 1994), individual differences persisted in adult hyraxes, which retained their vocal identity over several years...

    Lee Korenet al. Individual identity is communicated through multiple pathways in male ...

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