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Behavior decisions made under the risk of predation: a review and prospectus

Behavior decisions made under the risk of predation: a review and prospectus,Sl Lima,Lm Dill

Behavior decisions made under the risk of predation: a review and prospectus   (Citations: 556)
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Published in 1990.
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    • ...Previous studies have shown that when predation risk increases, prey usually decrease the time spent active, leading to a lower encounter rate with predators, and hence a lower mortality rate than for more active individuals (Lima and Dill 1990; Anholt and Werner 1998; Brodin and Johansson 2004)...
    • ...(Jeffries 1990; Stoks 1998; Stoks and Johansson 2000; Johansson et al. 2001) and other damselflies (Pierce et al. 1985; McPeek 1990b; Stoks et al. 2003; Brodin et al. 2006) and are generally expressed by many other organisms (review in Lima and Dill 1990; Lima 1998)...

    Tomas BrodinMarcuset al. Larval behavioral syndrome does not affect emergence behavior in a dam...

    • ...Those fish that approach and enter traps containing chemical alarm cue may be either bold (Huntingford 1976), naïve (Mathis and Smith 1992; Chivers et al. 1995), or disadvantaged in a way that changes their cost/benefit analysis of risk assessment (Lima and Dill 1990) relative to fish entering water-labeled traps...

    Adam F. A. Pellegriniet al. Bold minnows consistently approach danger in the field and lab in resp...

    • ...After a predator has been detected, delays may arise because animals trade-off the benefits of assessing risk accurately with the costs of not escaping as quickly as possible — the economic or adaptive risk-assessment hypothesis (Ydenberg & Dill, 1986; Lima & Dill, 1990; Lima, 1998)...
    • ...Compensation for increased predation risk may occur in many ways (Lind & Cresswell, 2005), and vigilance has been demonstrated many times to be a sensitive indication of perception of predation risk (e.g., see Elgar, 1989), whereas latency to resume feeding may not be (e.g., see Lima & Dill, 1990; Lima, 1998)...

    W. Cresswellet al. Very short delays prior to escape from potential predators may functio...

    • ...Consequently, prey have evolved sensitive mechanisms to detect predation risk including the ability to discern gradations in the nature and relative degree of risk (Lima & Dill, 1990)...
    • ...Antipredator responses in general, and of minnows specifically, involve a reduction in activity and movement to the bottom (Lawrence & Smith, 1989; Lima & Dill, 1990)...

    Brian D. Wisendenet al. Lab and field estimates of active time of chemical alarm cues of a cyp...

    • ...Many foraging animals face a fundamental tradeoff between predation and starvation [1, 2]. In a range of social species, this tradeoff has probably driven the evolution of sentinel behavior, where individuals adopt prominent positions to watch for predators while groupmates forage [3]...

    Linda I. Hollénet al. Cooperative Sentinel Calling? Foragers Gain Increased Biomass Intake

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