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Communal and exchange relationships

Communal and exchange relationships,J. R. Mills,M. S. Clark

Communal and exchange relationships   (Citations: 33)
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Published in 1982.
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    • ...Communal relationships, in contrast, are more characterized by responding to the needs of partners, family members, or friends without expecting to be paid back (Clark 1984, 1986; Clark and Mills 1993; Mills and Clark 1982, 1994, 2001; Vaananen et al...

    Nicole C. Krämeret al. THEORY OF COMPANIONS: WHAT CAN THEORETICAL MODELS CONTRIBUTE TO APPLIC...

    • ...In communal relationships, partners give benefits without expectation of reciprocity (Clark & Mills, 1979, 1993; Mills & Clark, 1982), and individuals high in communal orientation are likely to both behave in a communal manner and expect others to respond in a communal manner (Clark et al., 1987)...
    • ...The weaker the communal strength of the relationship, the less likely individuals are to invoke the communal norm (Clark & Mills, 1993; Mills & Clark, 1982; Mills et al., 2004); instead, an exchange norm of giving benefits in return for receipt of benefits might be more likely to be invoked...

    Rebecca T. Pinkuset al. For Better and for Worse: Everyday Social Comparisons Between Romantic...

    • ...Clark and Mills (1979, 1993; Mills & Clark, 1982) have made an important distinction between different types of relationships people have with interaction partners...
    • ...The most common manipulation of communal versus exchange relationships is having people interact with friends versus unknown others (see, e.g., Clark & Mills, 1979, 1993; Clark, Mills, & Corcoran, 1989; Mills & Clark, 1982)...

    Susanne Lidewij Peterset al. When Fairness is Especially Important: Reactions to Being Inequitably ...

    • ...Initially, Clark and Mills (Clark, 1984; Clark & Mills, 1993; Mills & Clark, 1982, 1994) distinguished communal and exchange relationships “based on the rules of norms that govern the giving and receiving of benefits” and defined each concept:

      ...

    Sung-Un Yanget al. An Integrative Analysis of Reputation and Relational Quality: A Study ...

    • ...For example, Mills and Clark (1982) distinguished two important types of relationships, communal and exchange, defining the former in terms of partners’ responsiveness to each other’s needs...

    David C. Geary. Attachment, Caregiving, and Parental Investment

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