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Functional and Dysfunctional Impulsivity: Personality and Cognitive Correlates

Functional and Dysfunctional Impulsivity: Personality and Cognitive Correlates,10.1037/0022-3514.58.1.95,Journal of Personality and Social Psychology,

Functional and Dysfunctional Impulsivity: Personality and Cognitive Correlates   (Citations: 202)
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The 3 studies reported here were designed to clarify the nature of the personality trait of impulsivity. Two types of impulsivity were distinguished. Dysfunctional impulsivity is the tendency to act with less forethought than most people of equal ability when this tendency is a source of difficulty; most previous work on impulsivity appears to have focused on this trait. Functional impulsivity, in contrast, is the tendency to act with relatively little forethought when such a style is optimal. The present work indicates that these two tendencies are not highly correlated and that they bear different relations both to other personality traits and to the manner in which certain basic cognitive processes are executed.
Journal: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology - PSP , vol. 58, no. 1, pp. 95-102, 1990
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    • ...Most questionnaires focus on dysfunctional impulsivity, which is related to ineffective information processing and reflects a failure to inhibit inappropriate responses, whereas functional impulsivity is adaptive in being related to a rapid style of information processing (Brunas-Wagstaff, Bergquist, & Wagstaff, 1994; Dickman, 1990)...

    Désirée S. Aichertet al. Associations between trait impulsivity and prepotent response inhibiti...

    • ...Dickman, 1990)...

    Robert Adamet al. Rapid decision-making under risk

    • ...10 The distinction between functional impulsiveness, associated with being venturesome and other positive traits, and dysfunctional impulsiveness, associated with poor quality decision-making, is due to Dickman (1990)...

    Roger Bowleset al. Impatience, reputation and offending

    • ...In this study, Chinese versions of three measures were also used to evaluate the external validity of TAS, which included the Hamilton Depression Scale (Hamilton, 1960) (Ham-D, 24 items), Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS) (Beck, Weissman, Lester et al, 1974), and Dickman Impulsivity Instrument (DII) (Dickman, 1990)...

    Jie Zhanget al. Validation of the Trait Anxiety Scale for State-Trait Anxiety Inventor...

    • ...These covariates include demographic characteristics, such as race and family history, and behavioral traits, such as cognitive ability and impulsivity, which are linked by control theorists to criminal activity (Farrington 1998; Gottfredson and Hirschi 1990) and also have the potential to diminish labor force participation or family functioning (Dickman 1990)...
    • ...Likewise, impulsivity was measured at the one-year follow-up survey using an abbreviated version of the Dickman (1990) scale of dysfunctional impulsivity, but it measures what we expect to be a stable characteristic...

    Amanda Gelleret al. Paternal Incarceration and Support for Children in Fragile Families

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