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Maternal and alloparental care in a troop of free-ranging Japanese monkeys

Maternal and alloparental care in a troop of free-ranging Japanese monkeys,10.1007/BF02381573,Primates,Mariko Hiraiwa

Maternal and alloparental care in a troop of free-ranging Japanese monkeys   (Citations: 67)
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In four years of observation of a free-ranging Japanese monkeys, reproductive rate, physical development of infants, maternal care and alloparental care were studied. Primiparous mothers, orphanned mothers and old mothers showed different types of maternal care from typical multiparous mothers, and the reproductive success of each of these categories of mother also differed. Among nulliparae, 2-year-old females showed the most interest in infants. Adult females were generally indifferent to other females' infants and came to act aggressively toward them with increasing age and maternal experience.
Journal: Primates , vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 309-329, 1981
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    • ...In contrast, other researchers have found a population right teat preference (rhesus monkey Macaca mulatta; Lindburg, 1971) or no population preference whatsoever (Japanese macaques Macaca fuscata; Hiraiwa, 1981; Tanaka, 1989)...

    Jan Pluháčeket al. Laterality of suckling behaviour in three zebra species

    • ...With increasing age, the infants gradually increase the time spent away from their mothers, and the distance between the infants and their mothers increases (Arroyo-Rodriguez et al. 2007; Berman 1980; Hiraiwa 1981; Itoigawa 1973; Nakamichi 1989)...
    • ...Females with infants must protect their infants from threats, including external threats, such as predation (Iida 1999) and infanticide (Soltis et al. 2000; Yamada and Nakamichi 2006), and internal threats such as harassment/mishandling (Hiraiwa 1981; Maestripieri 1993b; Schino et al. 2003) or kidnapping by other group members (Schino et al. 1993)...
    • ...As infant primates age, they move farther from their mothers (Arroyo-Rodriguez et al. 2007; Hiraiwa 1981), and their ability to move and detect threats improves (Seyfarth and Cheney 1986), so the potential risks when...
    • ...Older adult female Japanese macaques are frequently aggressive to infants of other females (Hiraiwa 1981), and it is possible that infants of middle-/ low-ranking females received more severe harassment from unrelated higher-ranking adult females than infants of high-ranking females...

    Kenji Onishiet al. Maternal Infant Monitoring in a Free-ranging Group of Japanese Macaque...

    • ...In the case of Japanese macaques at Takagoyama, Hasegawa and Hiraiwa (1980) and Hiraiwa (1981) found that nulliparous juvenile sisters at 3 or 4 years of age became the primary caregivers for orphans...
    • ...BNN, who was an adult female but nulliparous, may have exhibited play-mothering behavior, as reported in juvenile females of Japanese macaques (Hiraiwa 1981) and rhesus macaques (Spencer-Booth 1968)...

    Mari Nozaki. Grandmothers care for orphans in a provisioned troop of Japanese macaq...

    • ...As in other primates (Hiraiwa 1981; Nicolson 1987; Silk 1999), female baboons at Amboseli (of all ages) handled infants more roughly and at higher rates than did males...

    Nga Nguyenet al. “Friendships” between new mothers and adult males: adaptive benefits a...

    • ...Hiraiwa (1981) reported that Japanese macaque infants carried ventrally by their mothers from the day of birth are sometimes carried dorsally after the age of 4 weeks, although there is wide variation in this onset...
    • ...Among baboons, some macaque species, and large-bodied New World monkeys, infants are commonly carried dorsally by their mothers in the second half of the first year and even into the second year, albeit infrequently (Kummer 1968; Hiraiwa 1981; Nicolson 1987)...
    • ...comm.) Lee (1999) Macaca fuscata Japanese macaque Hiraiwa (1981), Nakamichi (unpublished data) Lee (1999)...

    Masayuki Nakamichiet al. Distribution of dorsal carriage among simians

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