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Predicting Success or Failure on Probation: Factors Associated with Felony Probation Outcomes

Predicting Success or Failure on Probation: Factors Associated with Felony Probation Outcomes,10.1177/0011128797043003005,Crime & Delinquency,Barbara

Predicting Success or Failure on Probation: Factors Associated with Felony Probation Outcomes   (Citations: 32)
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This study examined the factors associated with success or failure on probation for 2,850 North Carolina felony probationers who were removed from supervision between July 1 and October 31, 1993. Probationers were profiled on various demographic, sentence, and probation characteristics. Chi-square analysis was used to determine differences within various subgroups of the sample, and logistic regression was used to predict failure on probation in two separate models. The findings suggest that risk assessment items used by probation officers to determine level of supervision for probationers perform well in a logistic regression equation.
Journal: Crime & Delinquency - CRIME DELINQUEN , vol. 43, no. 3, pp. 314-327, 1997
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    • ...For example, some studies have strictly analyzed probation success and failure (Landis, Mercer, & Wolff, 1969; Morgan, 1994; Petersilia, 1985; Sims & Jones, 1997; Vito, 1987), whereas others have focused on the probation revocation process (Albonetti & Hepburn, 1997; Clear, Harris, & Baird, 1992; Hepburn & Albonetti, 1994; Sims & Jones, 1997; Ulmer, 2001)...
    • ...For example, some studies have strictly analyzed probation success and failure (Landis, Mercer, & Wolff, 1969; Morgan, 1994; Petersilia, 1985; Sims & Jones, 1997; Vito, 1987), whereas others have focused on the probation revocation process (Albonetti & Hepburn, 1997; Clear, Harris, & Baird, 1992; Hepburn & Albonetti, 1994; Sims & Jones, 1997; Ulmer, 2001)...
    • ...Still other studies have analyzed rearrest rates while on probation and the time to probation failure (Albonetti & Hepburn, 1996; Gray et al., 2001; Hepburn & Albonetti, 1994; Mackenzie, Browning, Skroban, & Smith, 1999; Petersilia, Turner, Kahan, & Peterson, 1985; Petersilia & Turner, 1990; Sims & Jones, 1997; Vito, 1987; Whitehead, 1991)...
    • ...For example, sociodemographic variables such as age, sex, race, education level, social disadvantage, and employment status have all been shown to affect probation violations, arrests while on probation, and overall probation success (Albonetti & Hepburn, 1997; Gray et al., 2001; W. W. Johnson & Jones, 1998; Landis et al., 1969; Morgan, 1994; Petersilia, 1985; Sims & Jones, 1997; Ulmer, 2001; Whitehead, 1991)...
    • ...Legal criteria such as prior record and offense type (i.e., property, drug, and assaults) have also been shown to be significant factors in probation outcomes (Gray et al., 2001; Johnson & Jones, 1998; Landis et al., 1969; Morgan, 1994; Sims & Jones, 1997; Ulmer, 2001; Whitehead, 1991)...
    • ...Not surprisingly, prior drug use and probation requirements such as drug testing and mandatory drug or alcohol treatment play an important role in probation failure (Albonetti & Hepburn, 1997; Gray et al., 2001; Sims & Jones, 1997; Ulmer, 2001; Whitehead, 1991)...
    • ...Prior research indicates that the majority of violations committed by probationers include minor technical infractions (Gray et al., 2001; Sims & Jones, 1997)...

    Nancy Rodriguezet al. Probation Violations, Revocations, and ImprisonmentThe Decisions of Pr...

    • ...While much has been written on the predictive factors of probation outcome in England and Wales (Farrall, 2002; Lloyd, Mair, & Hough, 1994) and the United States (Minor, Wells, & Sims, 2003; Morgan, 1994; Sims & Jones, 1997), little has been done in Hong Kong...

    Wing Hong Chui. Factors Associated with the One-year Probation Outcome: A Self-report ...

    • ...Several studies have been conducted to investigate predictive and/or explanatory factors related to violence (e.g., Capaldi, & Patterson, 1996; Elliott et al., 1998; Ellickson & McGuigan, 2000; Lattimore, Visher, & Linster, 1995; Lizotte et al., 2000; Loeber & Farrington, 1998; Rapp & Wodarski, 1997; Sims, & Jones, 1997; Sprague & Walker 2000; Woodward & Fergusson, 2000)...
    • ...and Patterson, 1996; Lattimore et al., 1995; Loeber & Farrington, 1998; Sims & Jones, 1997)...
    • ...ubiquitous use and distribution of illicit drugs, and availability of guns (Baron & Hartnagel, 1998; Baumer, 1994; Baumer et al., 1998; Brezina, 1998; Hill et al., 1999; Sims & Jones, 1997; Thornberry et al., 1993, 2000; Zhang et al., 1999)...
    • ...Foremost, this study, as all research, is limited in the scope of ecological factors studied (e.g., Elliott et al., 1998; Loeber & Farrington, 1998; Sims & Jones, 1997)...

    Brent B. Bendaet al. Youthful Violence: Problems and Prospects

    • ...Lower recidivism rates for those with more education also have been found among parolees (Morgan, 1995; Sims & Jones, 1997)...

    Philip D. Holleyet al. An Examination of the Effectiveness of GED Programs Within the Oklahom...

    • ...Alderden, & Lurigio, 2003; Olson & Lurigio, 2000; Sims & Jones, 1997)...
    • ...2001; Rhodes, 1986; Sims & Jones, 1997; Visher, Lattimore, & Linster, 1991)...

    Beth M. Huebner. Drug Abuse, Treatment, and Probationer Recidivism

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