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The division of cognitive labor

The division of cognitive labor,P. Kitcher

The division of cognitive labor   (Citations: 66)
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Published in 1990.
Cumulative Annual
    • ...My criticism of Boettke and Garnett echoes the criticism D’Agostino (2009) makes of Kitcher (1990) and of his own earlier work...
    • ...“The very factors that are frequently thought of as interfering with the rational pursuit of science—the thirst for fame and fortune, for example—might actually play a constructive role in our community of epistemic projects” (Kitcher 1990, p. 16)...
    • ...Recall that D’Agostino (2009) criticized Kitcher (1990) for failing to take the division of cognitive labor seriously...

    Roger Koppl. Against representative agent methodology

    • ...As such it should come as no surprise that the present paper turns to economics to formulate a view on the dynamics of scientific communities, with precursors such as Kitcher (1990), Goldman & Shaked (1991) and Hull (1988)...
    • ...The benefits of diversity have been widely recognis ed, for example by Philip Kitcher, who states that ‘we sometimes want to main tain cognitive diversity even in instances where it would be reasonable for all to agree that one of two theories was inferior to its rival, and we may be grateful to the stubborn minority who continue to advocate problematic ideas.’ (Kitcher 1990, p. 16) Similarly, Paul Feyerabend wr ote ‘that progress can be ...
    • ...More generally, the merits of diversity spring from the fact that alternatives provide each other with valuable criticism (Mill, Popper, Feyerabend, Longi no) and enable a division of labour (Goldman 1991, Kitcher 1990, Hull 1988)...
    • ...Although economics is currently undergoing an “increasing returns revolution”, philosophers of science drawing on economics have tended to foll ow the most accepted strands of traditional theory and their assumptions, including the decreasing returns one: models of scientific activity such as Kitcher (1990), Goldman & Shaked (1991) and Hull (1988) presuppose that scientific activity is characterise d by decreasing returns to adoption...
    • ...In other words, from this point of view the extra-scientific factors which Kitcher (1990) refers to 10 to...
    • ...One of the lessons of Kitcher (1990) is that the im pact of social factors on the division of labour in the sciences needn’t be disruptive for th e achievement of our epistemic goals, but might indeed be essential for it. If scientists wer e all rational, they might all choose the same research path, consisting of the one which has, bas ed on the available evidence, the highest chance of success...
    • ...Or, to draw the moral a bit differently, social instit utions within science might take advantage of our personal foibles to channel our efforts toward community go als rather than toward the epistemic ends that we might set for ourselves as individuals.’ (Kitcher 1990, p.16)...
    • ...‘The very factors that are frequently thought of a s interfering with the rational pursuit of science- the thirst for fame and fortune, for example-might actually play a constructive role in our community epistemic proje cts, enabling us, as a group, to do far better than we w ould have done had we behaved like independent epistemically rational individuals.’ (Kitcher 1990, p. 16)...
    • ...An example is Kitcher (1990), claiming tha t diversity is necessary to avoid a discrepancy between individual rationality and the collective optimum...
    • ...As such it should come as no surprise that the present paper has turned to economics to formulate a view on the dynamics of scientific communities, with precursors such as Kitcher (1990), Goldman & Shaked (1991) and Hull (1988)...

    Rogier De Langhe. The division of labour in science: the tradeoff between specialisation...

    • ...2 I take this to be the project of many recent investigations in social epistemology by Hegselmann and Krause (2002, 2006), Kitcher (1990, 1993, 2002 )a ndStrevens (2003, 2006)...

    Kevin James Spears Zollman. Social structure and the effects of conformity

    • ...The significance of information sharing between agents has been recognized for some time by philosophers working on social epistemology [14] and on the division of cognitive labor [18]...

    Simon M. Hutteggeret al. Emergence of Information Transfer by Inductive Learning

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