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The Drugs/Violence Nexus: A Tripartite Conceptual Framework

The Drugs/Violence Nexus: A Tripartite Conceptual Framework,Paul J Goldstein

The Drugs/Violence Nexus: A Tripartite Conceptual Framework   (Citations: 188)
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Published in 1985.
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    • ...The connection between engaging in crime to support costly drug use has received a great deal of attention, most notably in the drugs and crime literature (Bennett & Holloway, 2005; Brunelle, Brochu, & Cousineau, 2000; Goldstein, 1985)...

    Holly Nguyenet al. Need, Connections, or Competence? Criminal Achievement among Adolescen...

    • ...In Europe, QCT is applied in a variety of ways. England uses sentences which enable courts to order an offender to enter treatment for a specified period as an alternative to some other sentence, usually imprisonment. In Austria, Germany and Switzerland, legal arrangements are in place that can broadly be described as ‘therapy instead of punishment’, with the possibility to suspend prosecution or sentence on the condition that the offender enters treatment. In Italy, prison sentences of no more than 4 years, or the last 4 years of a longer prison sentence, can be replaced by a period in judicially supervised drug treatment but require the informed consent of the offender. In contrast to the Dutch SOV system, in which offenders may be placed in treatment institutions without their consent. European arrangements for QCT differ from the drug courts established in many states of the USA, in that they are not limited to drug offenders and are often used for persistent offenders, who would be excluded from several of the American drug court systems.Literature on QCT shows that substance abuse and crime are often linked, however the explanation for and direction of this link are not clear [,...

    Michael Schaubet al. Comparing Outcomes of ‘Voluntary’ and ‘Quasi-Compulsory’ Treatment of ...

    • ...The classic taxonomy for drugs–crime linkage was outlined by Goldstein (1985) who differentiated between: the short- or long-term effect of substance use causing proneness to criminal behaviour; remunerative crimes committed to get money for drugs; and violent conflict and robbery among those involved with the drug trade...

    David Bestet al. Assessing the impact of a high-intensity partnership between the polic...

    • ...Perhaps marijuana users will be more likely to engage in nonviolent property crimes to obtain money for drugs or goods in exchange for drugs, more so than violent personal crimes (Goldstein 1985)...

    Jamie Vaskeet al. Interaction of 5HTTLPR and Marijuana Use on Property Offending

    • ...Researchers proposed that due to the differences in cultural and legal status for alcohol and drugs, the relationship between drugs and violence is more likely to derive from properties of the illegal distribution system (Goldstein, 1985), while the relationship between alcohol and violence would be expected to be more related to ingestion of the substance, whether due to pharmacological effects, cultural expectancies surrounding ...

    Valerie D. JACKSONet al. An Exploratory Study of Female Juvenile Offenders: Harris County, Texa...

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