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The effects of Doppler spreads in OFDM(A) mobile radio systems

The effects of Doppler spreads in OFDM(A) mobile radio systems,10.1109/VETECF.1999.797150,Patrick Robertson,Stefan Kaiser

The effects of Doppler spreads in OFDM(A) mobile radio systems   (Citations: 97)
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We analyze the effects of Doppler spread in mobile channels on orthogonal frequency division multiplex (OFDM) systems. This is important, since channel variations during one OFDM symbol cause inter sub-carrier interference (ICI) in OFDM systems, which degrades the performance, since ICI can be seen as additional near-Gaussian noise. The analysis is outlined, and closed-form results given for numerous important practical Doppler spread encountered in mobile channels. We also show that for the case of asymmetrical Doppler spreads, the frequency correction of the receiver can be adjusted so as to minimize the ICI. To extend our work to OFDM(A) mobile radio systems in the uplink case where many users' contributions to the ICI overlap, we have introduced the concept of an equivalent single-user which causes the total ICI, in order to use the same analytical framework. For some channel examples, we simulated the Doppler spread of this equivalent user. Simulation results confirm our analysis and show the importance of the analytical tool to perform realistic system analysis without having to resort to time consuming time-domain simulations
Conference: Vehicular Technology, IEEE Conference - VTC -Spring , vol. 1, pp. 329-333 vol.1, 1999
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