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The Effects of Problem-Based Learning On Problem Solving

The Effects of Problem-Based Learning On Problem Solving,10.1177/001698629203600405,Gifted Child Quarterly,Shelagh A. Gallagher,William J. Stepien,Hil

The Effects of Problem-Based Learning On Problem Solving   (Citations: 67)
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Problem-based instruction is designed to provide students with a guided experience in solving an ill-structured problem. All learning in problem-based instruction stems from students initial questions about a problem situation. Currently used in medical school programs, problem-based curriculum has not been tested at the high school level. Science, Society and the Future (SSF) is an experimental problem-based course for gifted high school students. In the interdisciplinary course, students examine the meaning and impact of current science issues (the effect of electromagnetic fields on childhood leukemia, the health care system). In this study, SSF students and a group of comparison students were tested to determine changes in their spontaneous use of problem-solving steps as they consider an ill-structured problem. Results show some significant changes for the SSF group not observed in the comparison group.
Journal: Gifted Child Quarterly - GIFTED CHILD QUART , vol. 36, no. 4, pp. 195-200, 1992
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    • ...However it is now of increasing interest to educators of various levels and disciplines (Gallagher et al. 1992; Kolodner et al. 2003) as it provides a structured framework of active and collaborative learning, in line with current understanding of learning as a constructive and co-constructive activity involving social interactions (Glaser and Bassok 1989; Palincsar 1998)...

    Elaine H. J. YewHenket al. What students learn in problem-based learning: a process analysis

    • ...to enable students to learn how to work in groups, solve problems, and communicate what they have learned (eg, Cognition and Technology Group at Vanderbilt, 1992; Gallagher, Stepien, & Rosenthal, 1992; Hmelo, 1998)

      ...

    Jason Ravitz. Beyond Changing Culture in Small High Schools: Reform Models and Chang...

    • ...One instructional approach that engages students in argumentation is Problem-based Learning (PBL; Gallagher et al. 1992; Hmelo-Silver 2004)...
    • ...More recently, PBL has been used in K-12 settings (Gallagher et al. 1992) as well as in other university contexts (Gijbels et al. 2005) with positive results...
    • ...These results include increased problem-solving and self-directed learning skills and gains in content knowledge (Dods 1997; Finch 1999; Gallagher 1997; Gallagher and Stepien 1996; Gallagher et al. 1992; Lohman and Finkelstein 2000; Pedersen and Liu 2002–2003; Segers 1997)...

    Brian R. Belland. Portraits of middle school students constructing evidence-based argume...

    • ...It has also been adopted, although to a lesser extent, in K‐12 settings (Barrows, 2000; Dochy, Segers, van den Bossche, & Gijbels 2003; Gallagher, Stepien, & Rosenthal, 1992; Hmelo‐Silver, 2004; Hmelo, Holton, & Kolodner, 2000; Torp & Sage, 2002; Williams & Hmelo, 1998)...

    Karen Goodnoughet al. Enhancing pedagogical content knowledge in elementary science

    • ...Initially developed to improve medical students’ problem-solving and self-directed learning abilities (Barrows & Tamblyn, 1980), PBL has since spread to many levels of education (K-12, undergraduate, and graduate) and a variety of disciplines, ranging from language arts to biology (Barrows & Tamblyn; Chin & Chia, 2005; Gallagher, Stepien & Rosenthal, 1992; Reiter, Rasmann-Nuhlicek, Biernat, & Lawrence, 1994; Torp & ...
    • ...Specifi cally, PBL is designed to increase students’ abilities to solve ill-structured problems (Gallagher et al., 1992)...
    • ...Of the 33 studies, 23 assessed the impact of PBL on problem-solving ability (see Table 2). In 18 studies, participants were presented with cases or simulated patients, after which they performed tasks including: answered questions about the problem (Arts, Gijselaers, & Segers, 2002; Goodman et al., 1991; Moore et al., 1994), outlined problem solution paths (Gallagher et al., 1992), examined the simulated patient and provided a ...
    • ...Other measures included presenting cases and having students (a) outline how they would solve the problem (Gallagher et al., 1992), (b) answer essay questions (Arts et al., 2002), or (c) write problem defi nitions and learning issues (Hmelo, 1998) or just learning issues (Pedersen & Liu, 2002-2003)...

    Brian R. Bellandet al. Validity and Problem-Based Learning Research: A Review of Instruments ...

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