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The school as a formal organization

The school as a formal organization,Charles. Bidwell

The school as a formal organization   (Citations: 126)
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Conference: Java Grande , 1965
Cumulative Annual
    • ...These lines of research have produced a detailed sense of what successful schools tend to look like along such key dimensions as structure, culture, instructional approaches, parent and community relations, teacher collaboration, and leadership (Bidwell 1965; Bossert et al...

    Linda C. Lee. The diversity of school organizational configurations

    • ...Gamoran and Dreeben (1986) write that Bidwell (1965) pointed out that the structural looseness of school systems makes it difficult for managers to control work through bureaucratic procedures...

    Stephan Rapp. The director of education as a leader of pedagogical issues: a study o...

    • ...To help facilitate this multidimensional analysis of educational practices, we drew upon three theoretical frameworks: an ecological perspective (Bronfenbrenner, 1989), which emphasizes the relationships between educational institutions and their external environments; a historical-cultural perspective (Rockwell, 1999), which helped us focus on the historical, cultural, and subjective factors that influence educational practices (in our case a community college program); and an organizational perspective (Bidwell, 1965, 2001; Scott, 1998), which reminded us that educational practices are created by members of organizations whose actions are constrained by social structures, values, goals, technology, and the environment...

    John S. Levinet al. Basic Skills Programming at California Success Centers

    • ...1 Finally, we briefly discuss the convergence and divergence factors behind these evolutions. The main features of each country were analysed by Reguleduc and the reasons for choosing these countries are summarized the Appendix.

      The lingering departure of the bureaucratic–professional model

      @@@@Despite major system differences, the five countries studied have all, to varying degrees, been able to develop institutional regulation of their system based on the bureaucratic–professional model, combining bureaucratic and professional regulation (Bidwell 1965)...

    Christian Maroy. Convergences and hybridization of educational policies around ‘post‐bu...

    • ...Educational sociologists have long understood the loose coupling between schoolwide aims and teaching practice, the pervasive assumption that teachers should operate with high autonomy, and the corresponding implication that instructional practice will rarely be open to public inspection (Bidwell, 1965; Lortie, 1975)...

    Stephen W. Raudenbush. Fifth Annual Brown Lecture in Education ResearchThe Brown Legacy and t...

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