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Videotape and the attribution process: Reversing actors' and observers' points of view

Videotape and the attribution process: Reversing actors' and observers' points of view,10.1037/h0034782,Journal of Personality and Social Psychology,M

Videotape and the attribution process: Reversing actors' and observers' points of view   (Citations: 146)
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2 actor Ss at a time engaged in a brief, unstructured conversation while 2 observer Ss looked on. A total of 120 male undergraduates participated. Later a questionnaire measured the actors' attributions of their own behavior in the conversation either to dispositional, internal causes or to situational, external causes. Similarly, each O attributed his matched actor's behavior. Videotapes of the conversation, replayed to Ss before the attribution questionnaire, provided an experimental manipulation of visual orientation. Some actors and Os saw no videotape replay, while other Ss saw a tape that merely repeated their original visual orientations. Results show that the actors attributed relatively more to the situation than the Os. A 3rd set of actors saw a tape of themselves, while some Os saw the other participant with whom their matched actor had been conversing. With this reorientation, self-viewing actors attributed relatively more to their own dispositions than Os. Results indicate the importance of visual orientation in determining attributional differences between actors and Os. (21 ref.)
Journal: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology - PSP , vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 165-175, 1973
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