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A MODEL FOR EFFICIENT RESOURCE UTILIZATION: DEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION

A MODEL FOR EFFICIENT RESOURCE UTILIZATION: DEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION,B. V. Babu,V. Ramakrishna

A MODEL FOR EFFICIENT RESOURCE UTILIZATION: DEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION  
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The population growth is increasing the demand and hence putting pressure on Natural Resources to cater to the needs of various requirements of the population in their day-to- day life. The Natural Resources are converted into an effective product/service through an appropriate Technology. Excess waste is generated in the process due to ineffective technologies and/or poor Management of technology implemented. An effective utilization of Natural Resources to useful product/service thus requires - appropriate Technology, effective Management, and low Waste emissions. An integrated and controlled approach in the Technology, Management, and Waste emissions (TMW) increases the efficiency of Natural Resource conversion. In the present study, a model is developed based on the TMW approach for the conversion of Natural Resources into useful product/service. Numerous examples are cited where the proposed model can be successfully applied. The following cases are presented to illustrate and validate the model developed: o The thermal efficiency of a low calorific value agricultural waste (Bagasse) is improved by mixing it with waste oil in the ratio of 4:1 without any changes in the stack height permitted for using Bagasse as fuel. o A heat exchanger network is employed to impart indirect solar heating of water and reduce the scaling problems in the solar panel pipes occurred due to direct water heating. In both the cases, the efficiency of product/services is improved by integrating and controlling the TMW options. It is essential to achieve Sustainable Development by controlling the pressure on Natural Resources exerted due to the demands of growing population. The TMW approach is a simple, novel and efficient model for effective resources utilization.
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