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BIOMECHANICAL ANALYSIS OF FREE SHOOTING IN BASKETBALL

BIOMECHANICAL ANALYSIS OF FREE SHOOTING IN BASKETBALL,E. Tsarouchas,K. Kalamaras,A. Giavroglou,S. Prassas

BIOMECHANICAL ANALYSIS OF FREE SHOOTING IN BASKETBALL   (Citations: 2)
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According to the statistical results of the XXV European Basketball Championships held in Athens in 1987, 19.05% of the total points scored were from free shots. It was also found that the percentage of successful free shots, of the 40 highest scores, in this championship had the highest correlation coefficient (r) with the remaining successful types of shots. This indicates that accuracy in free shooting is highly related to a player's total accuracy. In spite of its importance, research on free shooting is limited. Hudson (1982) studied the relationship between selected biomechanical parameters of free throw shooting in players of varying abilities. She concluded that stability and a greater ratio ofthe height ofrelease to the standing height is related to higher skill; whereas, angle and velocity of projection are not independently related. Rush (1976) and Hay (1978) also reported that successful free shots are not dependent on either the angle, velocity, or height of the ball release. The present study investigated the free shooting performance of two groups of highly skilled players that demonstrate (in the XXV European Championship) either a high (>80%) or low «65%) percentage of successful free shots. In addition, the performance of two players belonging to the first group but differing in free shooting techniques, were also studied.
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