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Procrastinators lack a broad action perspective

Procrastinators lack a broad action perspective,10.1002/(SICI)1099-0984(200003/04)14:2<121::AID-PER368>3.0.CO;2-#,European Journal of Personality,Sieg

Procrastinators lack a broad action perspective   (Citations: 17)
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In the first study, the hypothesis was tested that in general optimistic procrastinators have chronically high action identities (i.e., a broad perspective on their actions), whereas pessimistic procrastinators have chronically low action identities to describe their behaviour. However, the data of the first study suggested that all procrastinators lack high action identities. The second study was set up to confront our original hypothesis with the alternative one that was based on the findings of the first study. Procrastinating students (classified based on questionnaire data), irrespective of type, were found to lack high action identities to describe their study activities, to have more specific intentions regarding studying, to postpone more of their intentions, and study less in general than did nonprocrastinators. Some recommendations are made to provide students with higher action identities. Copyright # 2000 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Journal: European Journal of Personality - EUR J PERSONALITY , vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 121-140, 2000
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    • ...Associated characteristics include reduced agency, disorganization, poor impulse and emotional control, poor planning and goal setting, reduced use of metacognitive skills to monitor and control learning behavior, distractibility, poor task persistence, time and task management deficiencies, and an intention–action gap (Dewitte & Lens, 2000; Dewitte & Schouwenburg, 2002; Ferrari & Emmons, 1995; Shanahan & Pychyl, 2007; Steel, 2007; Steel, Brothen, & Wambach, 2001; Tan et al, 2008; Wolters, 2003)...

    Laura A. Rabinet al. Academic procrastination in college students: The role of self-reporte...

    • ...Procrastination can be temporary or permanent and can be defined as a function of the behavioral output—putting off the action—or the cognitive output— putting off making a decision (Dewitte & Lens, 2000)...
    • ...An important number of researchers have described procrastination as a failure in self-regulation processes (Blunt & Pylchyl, 2005; Dewitte & Lens, 2000; Vohs & Baumeister, 2004; Wolters, 2003)...

    Pedro Rosárioet al. Academic Procrastination: Associations with Personal, School, and Fami...

    • ...Those who have a propensity to engage in dilatory behavior, that is, procrastinators, have difficulty focusing their attention on a task, estimating the time needed to complete it, and evaluating the effectiveness of their studying behavior (DeWitte & Lens, 2000)...

    Bruce W. Tuckman. The effect of motivational scaffolding on procrastinators' distance le...

    • ...Recently, much empirical research has been reported investigating some of its personality correlates (Johnson & Bloom, 1995; Lay, Kovacs, & Danto, 1998; Milgram & Tenne, 2000; Schouwenburg & Lay, 1995; Watson, 2001), its behavioural consequences (Dewitte & Lens, 2000a; Steel, Brothen, & Wambach, 2001), or both (Dewitte & Lens, 2000b; Lay, 1997; Lay & Brokenshire, 1997)...
    • ...passing the exam) (Dewitte & Lens, 2000a)...
    • ...studying at this very moment increases their ultimate chances for success (Dewitte & Lens, 2000a), or, conversely, that not studying at this very moment damages their chances for success...
    • ...In line with this, Dewitte and Lens (2000a) reported that procrastinators described their studying activities less often in terms of remote goals or, in other words, by means of high action identities (Vallacher & Wegner, 1987)...
    • ...Indeed, trait procrastination had a close to nil correlation with number of intended study hours (see also Dewitte & Lens, 2000a) and was related to perfectionism, suggesting that these people had high levels of motivation (Ferrari, 1992b)...
    • ...Dewitte & Lens, 2000a; Metcalfe & Mischel, 1999) would be captured by Premeditation...

    Siegfried Dewitteet al. Procrastination, temptations, and incentives: the struggle between the...

    • ...its behavioral consequences (Dewitte & Lens, 2000a; Steel, Brothen, & Wambach,...
    • ...consequence (e.g., Dewitte & Lens, 2000a; Schouwenburg & Groenewoud, 2001),...
    • ...(e.g. passing the exam) (Dewitte & Lens, 2000a)...
    • ...success (Dewitte & Lens, 2000a), or conversely, that not studying at this very moment...
    • ...In line with this, Dewitte and Lens (2000a)...
    • ...intended study hours (see also Dewitte & Lens, 2000a)...

    S. DEWITTEet al. DEPARTEMENT TOEGEPASTE ECONOMISCHE WETENSCHAPPEN

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