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The Effect of Positive Emotions on Multimedia Learning

The Effect of Positive Emotions on Multimedia Learning,Eunjoon Rachel Um,Jan L. Plass

The Effect of Positive Emotions on Multimedia Learning   (Citations: 5)
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The study examined whether the positive emotions experienced during multimedia learning facilitate cognitive process that leads to better learning performance and satisfaction. Positive emotions were experimentally induced before a multimedia based learning by means of self-referencing mood induction procedure (positive or neutral emotions) and during the learning by the aesthetic design of the learning materials (good or neutral design). The result of the experiment shows that there is significant effect of emotions on their transfer test, mental effort investment, as well as level of satisfaction. It also indicates that positive emotions can be generated by the instructional design that may be able to affect learners' experience and performance. The study implies that positive emotions should be considered as important factors in instructional design. Also, emotional design principles should be studied in more detail for better instructional material design. Is it important that learners experience positive emotions during learning? If so, how can multimedia learning environments be designed to be both efficient and inducing positive emotions in learners? Research on emotions has been conducted in various academic fields. However, little empirical research on users' emotions and their effect on learning performance is available that could guide the design of learning environments. The purpose of the research is to study whether the positive emotions experienced during multimedia learning facilitate cognitive process that leads to better learning performance and satisfaction. Furthermore, we investigate whether positive emotions induced before the learning are maintained throughout the learning process so that they affect the learners' cognitive process during the learning, and how we can generate positive emotions by instructional design focusing on the aesthetic design of learning materials.
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