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The Effectiveness of Tai Chi on Improving Balance in Older Adults: An Evidence-based Review

The Effectiveness of Tai Chi on Improving Balance in Older Adults: An Evidence-based Review,Sachiko Komagata

The Effectiveness of Tai Chi on Improving Balance in Older Adults: An Evidence-based Review   (Citations: 5)
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Purpose: This paper provides a systematic critical review of the effectiveness of Tai Chi for balance improvement and fall reduction, and determines the effectiveness of the Quality Index (QI) as a critical review system. Methods: Eleven of 30 articles on Tai Chi met the criteria for systematic review. Both the QI and Methodological Rigor (MR) scores were used to evaluate the methodological quality. Results: Our review revealed moderate evidence of the effectiveness of Tai Chi on balance improvement. D-indices, calculated to determine the relative effect of the intervention on balance measurements, showed moderate negative correlations with the QI (r = -0.52) and minimal negative correlations with the MR score (r = - 0.28). Conclusion: Tai Chi is effective for balance improve- ment but not effective for reduction of falls. This review is unique in demonstrating the feasibility of using the method- ological QI designed for both randomized and nonrandom- ized studies.
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