In contemporary Western societies it is widely believed that there is a sexual double standard such that men are rewarded
for sexual activity, whereas women are derogated for sexual activity. This pervasive belief may result in a confirmation bias
such that people tend to notice information that confirms the double standard and fail to notice information that refutes
it. Two studies were conducted to test this hypothesis. In both studies, participants read vignettes about a target man or
a woman that contained an equal number of positive and negative comments regarding the target's sexuality. Participants recalled
more information consistent with the double standard than inconsistent with it.
Journal: Sex Roles
, vol. 54, no. 1, pp. 19-26, 2006