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BIOMEDICAL APPLICATIONS OF MEMS

BIOMEDICAL APPLICATIONS OF MEMS,Jack W. Judy

BIOMEDICAL APPLICATIONS OF MEMS   (Citations: 2)
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Micromachining and MEMS technologies can be used to produce complex electrical, mechanical, fluidic, thermal, optical, and magnetic structures, devices, and systems on a scale ranging from organs to subcellular organelles. This miniaturization ability has enabled MEMS to be applied in many areas of biology, medicine, and biomedical engineering - a field generally referred to as BioMEMS. The future looks bright for BioMEMS to realize (1) microsensor arrays that act as an electronic nose or tongue, (2) microfabricated neural systems capable of controlling motor or sensory prosthetic devices, (3) painless microsurgical tools, and (4) complete microfluidic systems for total chemical or genetic analyses.
Published in 2000.
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    • ...The Micro Electro mechanical System is the miniaturization technique for manufacturing devices and systems, using integrated circuit (IC) fabrication process, such as etching, bonding and so on. MEMS devices (sensors and actuators) have found some applications, such as automobile, aerospace, communication, medical, etc, based on high functionality, precision, and performance [1], [2]...
    • ...In other words, these materials must not have toxicity and carcinogenicity [2]...
    • ...Human living organisms are sophisticated chemical processing systems; hence there are some chemical sensors for biomedical applications such as drug screening, medical diagnostic instruments, implantable sensors for prostheses and so on [2]...
    • ...When doped, the overall resistance of the doped polymer will change as a function of the chemically specific and concentration-dependent swelling [2]...
    • ...The enzyme, which is typically immobilized on or near electrodes, reacts with glucose and alters the local pH, oxygen concentration, and hydrogen peroxide concentration – events that can be electrochemically detected [2]...
    • ...MEMS technology impacts resonant chemical gas sensors by allowing miniature sensors to be produced at low cost [2]...
    • ...Limitations of cellbased sensors include the lifetime and robustness of the cells. Fig9. shows a cell-base sensors [2]...

    Mir Majid Teymooriet al. MEMS Based Medical Microsensors

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