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PARENTING STYLES AND ADOLESCENTS' SELF-ESTEEM IN BRAZIL

PARENTING STYLES AND ADOLESCENTS' SELF-ESTEEM IN BRAZIL,10.2466/PR0.100.3.731-745,Psychological Reports,Isabel Martínez,Fernando Garcia,SANTIAGO YUBER

PARENTING STYLES AND ADOLESCENTS' SELF-ESTEEM IN BRAZIL   (Citations: 2)
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Summary.—This study explored the relationship between parenting styles and self-esteem among 1,239 11- to 15-yr.-old Brazilian adolescents (54% girls; M age = 13.4 yr., SD= 1.4). Teenagers' families were classified into 1 of 4 groups (Authoritative, Authoritarian, Indulgent, or Neglectful) based on adolescents' answers to the ESPA29 Parental Socialization Scale. Participants completed the AF5 Multidimensional Self-Esteem Scale which appraises five dimensions: Academic, Social, Emotional, Family, and Physical. Analyses showed that Brazilian adolescents from Indulgent families scored equal (Academic and Social) or higher (Family) in Self-esteem than adolescents from Authoritative families. Adolescents from Indulgent families scored higher than adolescents from Authoritarian and Neglectful families in four Self-esteem dimensions, Academic, Social, Family, and Physical. Adolescents from Authoritative families scored higher than adolescents from Authoritarian and Neglectful families in three Self-esteem dimensions, Academic, Social, and Family. These results suggest that Authoritative parenting is not associated with optimum self-esteem in Brazil
Journal: Psychological Reports - PSYCHOL REP , vol. 100, no. 3, 2007
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    • ...Researchers in South European countries such as Spain (Martinez & Garcia, 2007; Musitu & Garcia, 2001, 2004), Turkey (Turkel & Tezer, 2008), and Italy (Marchetti, 1997), or in South American countries such as Mexico (Villalobos, Cruz, & Sanchez, 2004), and Brazil (Martinez & Garcia, 2008; Martinez, Garcia, & Yubero, 2007; Martinez, Musitu, Garcia, & Camino, 2003), also found that children and adolescents of ...
    • ...For example, Martinez et al. (2007) showed that Brazilian adolescents from indulgent families scored equally or higher on several self-esteem dimensions than adolescents from authoritative families...
    • ...As a result, strictness and firm control in socialization practices, which involve a hierarchical parent-child relationship, seem not to have a positive association with socialization outcomes in these countries, whereas parenting practices like affection, reasoning, accep­ tance, and involvement would be positively related with youth out­ comes (Ciairano, Kliewer Bonino, & Bosma, 2008; Marchetti, 1997; Martinez et al., 2003; ...
    • ...Our expectation was that the results would vary as a function of parenting style and of adoles­ cent gender, and parental education (see Gracia & Herrero, 2008; Lamborn et al., 1991; Steinberg et al., 1994); but no interactions were expected of parenting style with each of these variables for each set of outcomes (e.g., Amato & Fowler, 2002; Aunola et al., 2000; Lamborn et al., 1991; Martinez et al., 2007; Musitu & Garcia, ...
    • ...These results confirm previous research in some South European (Marchetti, 1997; Musitu & Garcia, 2001, 2004) and South American countries (Martinez et al., 2003; Martinez et al., 2007; Villalobos et al., 2004), as well as in other cultural contexts (Hindin, 2005; Wolfradt et al., 2003; Kim & Rhoner, 2002), suggesting that adolescents from indulgent families do perform equally or even better than adolescents from authoritative ...
    • ...fective or unnecessary for effective socialization (Gouveia et al., 2004; Martinez et al., 2007; Martinez & Garcia, 2007)...

    Fernando Garciaet al. IS ALWAYS AUTHORITATIVE THE OPTIMUM PARENTING STYLE? EVIDENCE FROM SPA...

    • ...Particularly, this study reinforces previous research carried out in some Southern European countries such as Italy and Spain (Marchetti, 1997; Musitu & Garcia, 2001, 2004), and other South American countries such as Mexico (Villalobos, et al., 2004) and Brazil (Martinez et al., 2003, 2007), where it has been shown that indulgent parenting is associated with the same or better adolescent adjustment than authoritative parenting, perhaps ...

    Enrique Graciaet al. What Is Best for Your Children? Authoritative vs. Indulgent Parenting ...

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