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What are the differences between long-term short-term and working memory?

What are the differences between long-term short-term and working memory?,Nelson Cowan

What are the differences between long-term short-term and working memory?   (Citations: 30)
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Abstract: In the recent literature there has been considerable confusion,about the three types of memory: long-term, short-term, and working memory. This chapter strives to reduce that confusion and makes up- to-date assessments,of these types of memory.,Long- and,short-term memory,could,differ in two fundamental ways, with only short-term memory demonstrating (1) temporal decay and (2) chunk capacity limits. Both properties of short-term memory,are still controversial but the current literature is rather encouraging,regarding,the existence of both,decay,and,capacity limits. Working,memory,has been conceived and defined in three different, slightly discrepant ways: as short-term memory applied to cognitive tasks, as a multi-component system that holds and manipulates information in short-term memory, and as the use of attention to manage short-term memory. Regardless of the definition, there are some,measures,of memory,in the short term that seem,routine and do not correlate well with cognitive aptitudes and other measures,(those usually identified with the term ‘‘working memory’’) that seem more attention demanding,and do correlate well with these aptitudes. The evidence,is evaluated,and placed within a theoretical framework,depicted in Fig. 1. Keywords: attention; capacity of working,memory; control of attention; decay of short-term memory; focus
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