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Comparing Child Outcomes of Physical Punishment and Alternative Disciplinary Tactics: A Meta-Analysis

Comparing Child Outcomes of Physical Punishment and Alternative Disciplinary Tactics: A Meta-Analysis,10.1007/s10567-005-2340-z,Clinical Child and Fam

Comparing Child Outcomes of Physical Punishment and Alternative Disciplinary Tactics: A Meta-Analysis   (Citations: 21)
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This meta-analysis investigates differences between the effect sizes of physical punishment and alternative disciplinary tactics for child outcomes in 26 qualifying studies. Analyzing differences in effect sizes reduces systematic biases and emphasizes direct comparisons between the disciplinary tactics that parents have to select among. The results indicated that effect sizes significantly favored conditional spanking over 10 of 13 alternative disciplinary tactics for reducing child noncompliance or antisocial behavior. Customary physical punishment yielded effect sizes equal to alternative tactics, except for one large study favoring physical punishment. Only overly severe or predominant use of physical punishment compared unfavorably with alternative disciplinary tactics. The discussion highlights the need for better discriminations between effective and counterproductive use of disciplinary punishment in general.
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    • ...Because it has been demonstrated that it is the power assertive character of disciplining rather than the physical character of punishment per se that predicts internalizing problems (Larzelere & Kuhn, 2005; Turner & Muller, 2004; Wu, 2007), the present study investigated the effect of power assertive discipline measuring harsh corporal punishment as well as frequent deprivation of privileges or imposing penalty tasks...

    Guy Bosmanset al. Parents' Power Assertive Discipline and Internalizing Problems in Adol...

    • ...These findings converged with a large body of research showing aversive effects of frequent and harsh corporal punishment on children’s behavioral adjustment (e.g., Gershoff 2002; Mulvaney and Mebert 2007), although the field is not without controversies on this topic (Larzelere and Kuhn 2005)...

    Hyein Changet al. Child Effortful Control as a Mediator of Parenting Practices on Extern...

    • ...However, Larzelere and Kuhn (2005) concluded from their meta-analysis that the effects of normative spanking (physical punishment not used severely or as the primary discipline method) on 2- to 12-year-old children are similar to the harmless effects of other common disciplinary actions such as timeout and verbal reprimands...

    Diana Baumrindet al. Effects of Preschool Parents' Power Assertive Patterns and Practices o...

    • ...Despite considerable professional and public controversy (Straus & Douglas, 2008) about corporal punishment, research continually indicates, through reviews and meta-analyses, that corporal punishment or spanking is effective in the short-term suppression of undesirable behavior (Larzelere & Kuhn, 2005a; Benjet & Kazdin, 2003; Lerman & Vorndran, 2002; Baumrind, 1996; Horn, Joseph, & Cheng, 2004; Harris, Erhner, & Hershfield, 1978)...

    Peter T. Oas. Current Status on Corporal Punishment With Children: What the Literatu...

    • ...The author of one major literature review opposes all spanking, [5,6] whereas five other recent literature reviews have made less absolute conclusions [7-11]...
    • ...Since the literature review published for that conference, [7] there have been at least five published literature reviews with a diversity of conclusions [5,8-11]...
    • ...For example, Gershoff’s [5] meta-analysis supported an antispanking perspective; [6] whereas Larzelere and Kuhn’s meta-analysis [9] concluded that child outcomes of physical punishment were more adverse than those of alternative disciplinary tactics only for overly severe or predominant use of physical punishment...
    • ...Larzelere and Kuhn [9] compared effect sizes for physical punishment and alternative tactics investigated in the same studies...
    • ...On the other hand, Larzelere and Kuhn’s meta-analysis [9] found that child outcomes of physical punishment were more adverse than those for alternative disciplinary tactics only when physical punishment was overly severe or the predominant disciplinary tactic...
    • ...This result would be consistent with Larzelere and Kuhn’s meta-analysis that found no differences in effect sizes in comparisons between customary spanking and alternative disciplinary tactics [9]...
    • ...Larzelere and Kuhn [9] found that the outcomes of physical punishment compared differently with outcomes of alternative disciplinary tactics depending upon how physical punishment was used...
    • ...The only use of spanking that has been demonstrated to be more effective than alternatives is when it is used to enforce time out when 2- to 6-yearolds refuse to comply with it [9]...

    Robert E Larzelereet al. Do nonphysical punishments reduce antisocial behavior more than spanki...

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