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Imagining stereotypes away: The moderation of implicit stereotypes through mental imagery

Imagining stereotypes away: The moderation of implicit stereotypes through mental imagery,10.1037//0022-3514.81.5.828,Journal of Personality and Socia

Imagining stereotypes away: The moderation of implicit stereotypes through mental imagery   (Citations: 134)
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Research on implicit stereotypes has raised important questions about an individual's ability to moderate and control stereotypic responses. With few strategies shown to be effective in moderating implicit effects, the present research investigates a new strategy based on focused mental imagery. Across 5 experiments, participants who engaged in counterstereo typic mental imagery produced substantially weaker implicit stereotypes compared with participants who engaged in neutral, stereotypic, or no mental imagery. This reduction was demonstrated with a variety of measures, eliminating explanations based on response suppression or shifts in response criterion. Instead, the results suggest that implicit stereotypes are malleable, and that controlled processes, such as mental imagery, may influence the stereotyping process at its early as well as later stages. Implicit stereotypes are social category associations that become activated without the perceiver's intention or awareness when he or she is presented with a category cue. Over the past decade, substantial evidence has accumulated for the influence of implicit stereotypes on judgment and behavior (for reviews, see Bargh,
Journal: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology - PSP , vol. 81, no. 5, pp. 828-841, 2001
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