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Comparative efficacy of individual and group psychotherapy: A meta-analytic perspective

Comparative efficacy of individual and group psychotherapy: A meta-analytic perspective,10.1037//1089-2699.2.2.101,Group Dynamics-theory Research and

Comparative efficacy of individual and group psychotherapy: A meta-analytic perspective   (Citations: 48)
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Recent reviews of the group psychotherapy literature indicate that group is a beneficial and cost-effective treatment format. However, collective findings on the differential efficacy of group when compared with individual therapy remain problematic, incom- plete, or controversial. To remedy this problem, the authors conducted a meta-analysis of 23 outcome studies that directly compared the effectiveness of the individual and group therapy formats when they were used within the same study. Results were consistent with previous reports that indicated no difference in outcome between the group and individual formats. This finding generally held true when client, therapist, methodology, treatment, and group variables were examined for possible relationship with effect sizes comparing group and individual therapy. Results bolster past findings that group therapy can be used as an efficacious cost-effective alternative to individual therapy under many different conditions.
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    • ...The efficacy of group counseling is well established (American School Counselor Association, 2005; Barlow, Fuhriman, & Burlingame, 2004; Bednar & Kaul, 1994; Burlingame, Mackenzie, & Strauss, 2004; Fuhriman & Burlingame, 1994a, 1994b; Gladding, 2003; Kalter, 1998; McRoberts, Burlingame, & Hoag, 1998; Tillitski, 1990; Zimpfer, 1990), and a number of literature reviews and outcome studies indicate groups are beneficial with diverse group members, for various psychological disorders and treatment modalities (eg, Barlow et al, 2004; Bednar & Kaul, 1994; Fuhriman & Burlingame, 1994a; Gerrity & DeLucia-Waack, 2007; Hoag & Burlingame, 1997; Jones, 2007; Kalter, 1998; MacKenzie, 1994; Toseland & Siporin, 1986; Ziffer, Crawford, & Penney-Wietor, 2007; Zinck & Littrell, 2000)...

    Rose M. Stark-Roseet al. Group Counseling With United States Racial Minority Groups: A 25Year C...

    • ...Past comparisons of individual and group treatments have shown similar outcomes for both types of treatment (Fuhriman & Burlingame, 1994; McRoberts, Burlingame, & Hoag, 1998; Shechtman, 2004)...

    Maly Daninoet al. Superiority of group counseling to individual coaching for parents of ...

    • ...This narrow focus leaves out a critical treatment modality of group work, which has been shown to be at least as effective with clients as individual therapy (McRoberts, Burlingame, & Hoag, 1998) and at a much lower cost...

    Christopher Christmaset al. SPARC Groups: A Model for Incorporating Spiritual Psychoeducation Into...

    • ...Group is a cost-effective way of delivering services and has consistently demonstrated efficacy on par with that of individual treatment (McRoberts, Burlingame & Hoag, 1998; Toseland & Siporin, 1986)...

    Diana E. Dameret al. “Tackling Test Anxiety”: A Group for College Students

    • ...There is general agreement that sufficient empirical evidence exists to conclude that group is an effective modality when compared to the individual format (McRoberts, Burlingame, & Hoag, 1998) and when used to treat diverse populations (DeLucia-Waack, Gerrity, Kalodner, & Riva, 2004)...

    Gary M. Burlingame. Small group treatments: Introduction to special section

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