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US regulatory system for genetically modified [genetically modified organism (GMO), rDNA or transgenic] crop cultivars

US regulatory system for genetically modified [genetically modified organism (GMO), rDNA or transgenic] crop cultivars,10.1111/j.1467-7652.2007.00300.

US regulatory system for genetically modified [genetically modified organism (GMO), rDNA or transgenic] crop cultivars   (Citations: 8)
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Summary This paper reviews the history of the federal regulatory oversight of plant agricultural biotechnology in the USA, focusing on the scientific and political forces moulding the continually evolving regulatory structure in place today. Unlike most other jurisdictions, the USA decided to adapt pre-existing legislation to encompass products of biotechnology. In so doing, it established an overarching committee (Office of Science and Technology Policy) to study and distribute various regulatory responsibilities amongst relevant agencies: the Food and Drug Administration, Environmental Protection Agency and US Department of Agriculture. This paper reviews the history and procedures of each agency in the execution of its regulatory duties and investigates the advantages and disadvantages of the US regulatory strategy.
Journal: Plant Biotechnology Journal - PLANT BIOTECHNOL J , vol. 0, no. 0, pp. 0710242339-???, 2007
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    • ...Thompson, 2007...

    Jennifer Kuzmaet al. Renegotiating GM crop regulation

    • ...The consensus among forest scientists is on the contrary; that the regulatory scrutiny should be focused on the product and not the process (Bradford et al. 2005; McHughen and Smyth 2008; Strauss et al. 2009a)...

    M. Raj Ahuja. Fate of transgenes in the forest tree genome

    • ...Transgenic crops are treated as ‘‘regulated articles’’ by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) under the federal Plant Protection Act of 2000 (7 CFR Part 340; NRC 2002; McHughen and Smyth 2008)...
    • ...If the plant produces pesticides, such as Bt proteins, there is an additional regulatory requirement before unrestricted commercialisation: the United States Environmental Protection Agency must register the pesticide under the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA) (McHughen and Smyth 2008)...
    • ...Non-regulated status is granted if the USDA is satisfied that the transgenic crop is unlikely to become a plant pest under the terms of the FPPA of 1957 (which was incorporated into the Plant Protection Act); however, with completion of a plant pest risk analysis, and prior to granting non-regulated status, the USDA must also consider environmental impacts as defined by the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) of 1970 (McHughen and Smyth ...

    Alan Raybouldet al. Environmental risk assessments for transgenic crops producing output t...

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