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Five Types of Marriage: An Empirical Typology Based on ENRICH

Five Types of Marriage: An Empirical Typology Based on ENRICH,10.1177/1066480793013002,The Family Journal,David H. Olson,Blaine J. Fowers

Five Types of Marriage: An Empirical Typology Based on ENRICH   (Citations: 7)
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This study identified five distinct types of married couples from a sample of 6,267 couples, using the marital inventory ENRICH. Profiles were derived using a three-stage cluster analytic procedure, including an exploratory cluster analysis, a replication of the exploratory results, and a cross- validation. The five-cluster solution was robust. "Vitalized" couples (12%) reported high relationship quality on all dimensions. "Harmonious" Couples (11%) had relatively high relationship quality. "Traditional" couples (16%) had scores that were slightly above average with markedly higher scores on parenting and religious scales. "Conflicted" couples (25%) were characterized by moderately low scores on all but the roles scale. The "Devitalized" group (36%) had the lowest scores on every ENRICH dimension. There is a relatively long tradition of interest in typologies of marriage. This approach to understanding marriage has the advantage of recognizing that marital relationships are multidimensional and cannot be adequately described on any single dimension. Attempts to view couples on a single continuum, however well-informed, may tend to trivialize the important differences in their approach to living.
Journal: The Family Journal , vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 196-207, 1993
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    • ...Indeed, there appear to be important qualitative differences in the pattern of relationship quality among couples that have been captured in typological studies (Fitzpatrick, 1988; Fowers & Olson, 1992; Lavee & Olson, 1993; Olson & Fowers, 1993; Snyder & Smith, 1986)...
    • ...There are four ways to deal with these issues (Olson & Fowers, 1993)...

    Blaine J. Fowerset al. PREDICTING MARITAL SUCCESS FOR PREMARITAL COUPLE TYPES BASED ON PREPAR...

    • ...Several other studies used more sophisticated cluster-analytic methods with large sample to develop marital typologies based on observational data (Gottman, 1979), the Inventory of Marital Conflict (Miller & Olson, 1990), the Marital Satisfaction Inventory (Snyder & Smith, 1986), and the marital inventory ENRICH (Lavee & Olson, in press; Olson & Fowers, 1991)...
    • ...Two typologies of marital relationships may offer more productive comparisons (Olson & Fowers, 1991; Snyder & Smith, 1986)...
    • ...The traditional couples in this investigation had a profile similar to the cluster of married couples labeled traditional by Olson and Fowers (1991)...
    • ...The harmonious couples identified in this study had some similarities to two groups of couples Olson and Fowers (1991) labeled harmonious...
    • ...Olson and Fowers (1991) also found five clusters, one of which was not clearly related to the present findings...

    Blaine J. Fowerset al. Four types of premarital couples: An empirical typology based on PREPA...

    • ...Several other studies used more sophisticated cluster-analytic methods with large samples to develop marital typologies based on observational data (Gottman, 1979), the Inventory of Marital Conflict (Miller & Olson, 1990), the Marital Satisfaction Inventory (Snyder & Smith, 1986), and the marital inventory ENRICH (Lavee & Olson, in press; Olson & Fowers, 1991)...

    Blaine J. Fowerset al. Four Types of Premarital Couples: An Empirical Typology Based on PREPA...

    • ...Halford, Saunders & Behrens, 2001; Durana, 1994; Durana, 1996; Fowers & Olson, 1989; Olson & Fowers, 1993)...

    Susanne M. Sobon. Characteristics of Blended Families: A Review of Three Marriage Enrich...

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