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Collective and normative features of gang violence

Collective and normative features of gang violence,10.1080/07418829600092931,Justice Quarterly,Scott H. Decker

Collective and normative features of gang violence   (Citations: 51)
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Gang members engage in a considerable amount of violence. Based on a three-year field study of active gang members in St. Louis, this paper examines five activities in which gang members use violence. Retaliatory gang violence is highlighted for its role in generating additional violence and contributing to the growth of gangs. We pay particular attention to the normative aspects of gang violence. In addition, gang violence is interpreted from the perspective of collective behavior.
Journal: Justice Quarterly - JUSTICE Q , vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 243-264, 1996
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    • ...In fact, violence has been identified as the primary factor differentiating gangs from other delinquent youth groups (Decker, 1996; Klein, 1971)...

    Kristy N. Matsudaet al. Gang Membership and Adherence to the “Code of the Street”

    • ...(2001) highlighted the contribution of gang membership towards juvenile delinquency as studies have shown that violence is a defining feature of gangs (Decker, 1996; Decker & Curry, 2002; Peterson, Taylor, & Esbensen, 2004; Taylor, Peterson, Esbensen, & Freng, 2007), as evidenced by the use of violence in initiation processes, territory protection (Decker, 1996), and gang homicides (Decker & Curry, 2002)...

    Rebecca P. Anget al. Gang affiliation, aggression, and violent offending in a sample of you...

    • ...(2001) highlighted the contribution of gang membership towards juvenile delinquency as studies have shown that violence is a defining feature of gangs (Decker, 1996; Decker & Curry, 2002; Peterson, Taylor, & Esbensen, 2004; Taylor, Peterson, Esbensen, & Freng, 2007), as evidenced by the use of violence in initiation processes, territory protection (Decker, 1996), and gang homicides (Decker & Curry, 2002)...

    Rebecca P. Anget al. Gang affiliation, aggression, and violent offending in a sample of you...

    • ...De-individuation theorizes that, in groups, individuals lose a sense of individuality (Goldstein, 2002) and personal identity and, as a result, become submerged within that group, whereby collective behaviour and identity becomes salient (Decker, 1996)...

    Sarah Hauffeet al. An interpersonal comparison of lone and group rape offences

    • ...Researchers interested in explaining the different forms of homicide have examined many components of the event, including, but not limited to: the victim–offender relationship, the age, race, and gender of the victim and/or suspect, and the unique circumstances of the event (Decker 1996; Decker and Van Winkle 1996; Fagan 1989; Kubrin 2003; Maxson and Klein 1990; Maxson et al. 1985; Parker 2001; Pridemore 2002; Riedel 1987; Wolfgang 1958)...
    • ...In their final statistical model, Pizarro and McGloin (2006) combined an incident level variable that captured escalation (see Decker 1996) with the three macro-level variables...

    Nicholas Corsaroet al. Testing a promising homicide reduction strategy: re-assessing the impa...

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