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STRESS AND AROUSAL CIRCADIAN RHYTHMS IN SMOKERS AND NON-SMOKERS WORKING DAY AND NIGHT SHIFTS

STRESS AND AROUSAL CIRCADIAN RHYTHMS IN SMOKERS AND NON-SMOKERS WORKING DAY AND NIGHT SHIFTS,10.1002/(SICI)1099-1700(199704)13:2<91::AID-SMI722>3.0.CO

STRESS AND AROUSAL CIRCADIAN RHYTHMS IN SMOKERS AND NON-SMOKERS WORKING DAY AND NIGHT SHIFTS   (Citations: 11)
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ABSTRACT Twenty smokers and twenty non-smokers completed a brief Mood State Questionnaire every 2 hours, over one day shift and one night shift. The subjects comprised male police oÅcers and factory workers, aged 23‐57 years. Cigarette smokers,reported,significantly higher stress levels than non-smokers,on both day and night shiftsÖp< 0:05Ü. This confirms,previous,findings that smokers,are often more,stressed than non-smokers. Stress levels varied over time within each shiftÖp< 0:001Ü, but the circadian patterns did not diÄer between smokers and non-smokers. Thus smoking did not alter circadian mood rhythms, nor did it facilitate stress control. Self-rated levels of arousal showed the archetypal inverted-U pattern over time in both smokers,and,non-smokers. There was,no diÄerence in mean arousal levels between subgroups, indicating that cigarettes did not lead to greater alertness. The shift time interaction was significant for both stressÖp< 0:001Ü and arousalÖp< 0:003Ü, indicating diÄerent circadian rhythms during the day shift and the night shift. Finally, while smokers consumed slightly more cigarettes during the night shift than day shift (22.3, 19.4 respectively, p< 0:05), mean stress and arousal levels did not diÄer between shifts. The implications of these findings for smoking behaviour are discussed. #1997 by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Stress Med., Vol. 13, 91‐97 (1997)
Journal: Stress Medicine , vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 91-97, 1997
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    • ...Furthermore, smokers have been shown to have higher stress levels than nonsmokers 25 and smoking behavior has been observed to be a predictor of depression among Finnish men and women...

    Anna Maria Heikkinenet al. Key Factors in Smoking Cessation Intervention Among 15–16-Year-Olds

    • ...Cross-sectional studies indicate that smokers report experiencing more stress than non-smokers (Billings and Moos, 1983 ; Cohen and Lichtenstein, 1990 ; Cohen and Williamson, 1988 ; Jones and Parrott, 1997 ; Parrott, 1999 ; Romano et al., 1991 ; Warburton et al., 1991 ;W est, 1992 ). In a large U.S...
    • ...probability sample (N = 2,387) current smokers had slightly, but significant elevated mean stress scores compared to people who had never smoked and former smokers (Cohen and Williamson, 1988 ). Similarly, in a work-place study of male police officers and factory workers, smokers reported significantly higher stress levels than non-smokers (Jones and Parrott, 1997 ). In a community-wide survey (N = 608), heavy smokers (≥20 cigarettes per ...
    • ... in smokers compared to quitters at time points ranging from 1 to 6 months following baseline (Cohen and Lichtenstein, 1990 ; Ockene et al., 1982 ). Crosssectional studies that examined smoking status and stress also indicate, regardless of the quit process and mode of treatment, that smokers report higher levels of stress compared with non-smokers (Billings and Moos, 1983 ; Cohen and Lichtenstein, 1990 ; Cohen and Williamson, 1988 ; Jones and ...

    Brian K. Manninget al. Stress and Quitting Among African American Smokers

    • ...In a survey of male shift workers, the cigarette smokers reported significantly higher levels of self-rated stress than did the nonsmokers during both day and night shifts (Jones & Parrott, 1997)...

    Andy C. Parrott. Does cigarette smoking cause stress?

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