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Valuing ecosystem functions: an empirical study on the storm protection function of Bhitarkanika mangrove ecosystem, India

Valuing ecosystem functions: an empirical study on the storm protection function of Bhitarkanika mangrove ecosystem, India,10.1017/S0376892905001967,E

Valuing ecosystem functions: an empirical study on the storm protection function of Bhitarkanika mangrove ecosystem, India   (Citations: 26)
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SUMMARY The ecosystem services provided by mangroves are often ignored in the ongoing process of mangrove conversion. Services provided by the Bhitarkanika mangrove ecosystem in India and estimated cyclone damage avoided in three selected villages, taking the cyclone of 1999 as a reference point, were valued by assessing the socio-economic status of the villages, the cyclone damage to houses, livestock, fisheries, trees and other assets owned by the people, and the level and duration of flooding. Eleven variables were used to compare damage in the villages, one protected by mangroves, one unprotected by mangroves, and the third possessing an embankment on its seaward side. Attitude surveys were carried out in 10% of the households in 35 villages located in the Bhitarkanika Conservation Area to assess local people's perceptions regarding the storm protection function of mangroves and their attitude towards mangrove forests generally. Inthemangrove-protectedvillage,variableshadeither the lowest values for adverse factors (such as damage to houses), or the highest values for positive factors (such as crop yield). The loss incurred per household was greatest (US$ 153.74) in the village that was not sheltered by mangroves but had an embankment, followed by the village that was neither in the shadow of mangroves or the embankment (US$ 44.02) and the village that was protected by mangrove forests (US$ 33.31). The local people were aware of and appreciated the functions performed by the mangrove forests in protecting their lives and property from cyclones, and were willing to cooperate with the forest department in mangrove restoration.
Journal: Environmental Conservation - ENVIRON CONSERV , vol. 32, no. 1, pp. 85-92, 2005
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    • ...The surface water of mangrove habitat is also affected by soil character, which is affected by the bedrock, glacial activity and the plants growing on the soil (Badola and Hussain 2005)...

    Saber Ghasemiet al. Relative abundance and diversity of waterbirds in a Persian Gulf mangr...

    • ...Additional evidence that coastal wetlands protect shorelines comes from a number of studies that indicate that coastal wetlands have had a statistically significant impact in reducing economic damages and deaths associated with major storm events (Badola and Hussain 2005; Barbier 2007; Costanza et al. 2008; Das and Vincent 2009)...
    • ...Mangroves significantly reduced the number of deaths and damages to property, livestock, agriculture, fisheries and other assets during the 1999 cyclone that struck Orissa, India (Badola and Hussain 2005; Das and Vincent 2009)...
    • ...Economic losses incurred per household were greater (US$154) in a village that was protected by a constructed embankment compared to those (US$33) in a village protected by mangrove forests (Badola and Hussain 2005)...
    • ...risk to human lives (Badola and Hussain 2005; Barbier 2007; Costanza et al. 2008; Das and Vincent 2009)...

    Keryn B. Gedanet al. The present and future role of coastal wetland vegetation in protectin...

    • ...Since the non-marketed non-wood forests products (NWFP) would disappear if the mangroves are clear cut, the value of these products should be included together with its value as a carbon sink (Twilley et al. 1992; Bouillon et al. 2008), as a protection against storms and floods (Badola and Hussain 2005), the value of its biological diversity and recreational and option values among others...
    • ...These villages were selected on the basis of 35 parameters through a hierarchical cluster analysis (Sokal and Rohlf 1995) followed by a random selection from each of the clusters proportionately (Badola and Hussain 2005)...

    Syed Ainul Hussainet al. Valuing mangrove benefits: contribution of mangrove forests to local l...

    • ...livestock and agricultural products) ranged between 32 USD per household in mangroveprotected villages to 154 USD per household in villages that were not protected by mangroves (Badola and Hussain, 2005)...

    J. O. Bosireet al. Functionality of restored mangroves: A review

    • ...Compared to stock enhancement by a hatchery release program, habitat rehabilitation offers the potential advantages of a lower technical barrier to implementation and a wider range of benefits, including enhanced fisheries for a broader range of species and the additional ecological services provided by mangroves, such as timber production and coastal protection (Badola and Hussain, 2005; Dahdouh-Guebas et al, 2005; Walters, 2005; Barbier, 2006; Walton et al, 2006a; Walton et al, 2006c)...

    Lewis Le Vayet al. Approaches to Stock Enhancement in Mangrove-Associated Crab Fisheries

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